Terrorism in Saudi Arabia has been mostly blamed on Islamic radicals. Foreign civilians (Westerners associated with the country's oil-based economy) as well as Saudi citizens and security forces were among their targets. Since 1995, anti-Western incidents have occurred in Saudi Arabia. In 2003, four people were killed when a car bomb exploded near the American Embassy in Riyadh.
However, terrorism is not limited to radical Islam. There have been isolated attacks by individuals who claim religious justification for their actions. For example, in January 2015, A Saudi national attacked an airport with a knife and gun before being shot dead by police.
The roots of most terrorist groups can be found in Saudi society. Many are based in rural areas where there are few jobs available for young men or come from poor families with no political influence. Others are made up of former Iraqi soldiers or prisoners who were abused or neglected by the army after they were captured.
In conclusion, Saudi Arabia has been able to build its economy and society while maintaining security thanks to its strict version of Islam. However, this approach does not exclude the possibility of violent acts by individual extremists.
While Saudi Arabia is frequently a secondary source of funds and support for terror movements that can find more motivated and ideologically invested benefactors, it is arguably the most prolific sponsor of international Islamist terrorism, allegedly supporting groups as diverse as the Afghan Taliban.
Saudi Arabia's support for terrorist activities aims at achieving three goals: first, to secure its borders against foreign invasion; second, to provide internal security by crushing potential rebellions or insurgencies; and third, to advance the kingdom's political agenda around the world.
Saudi Arabia's support for terrorism has had an adverse impact on the country's reputation and economy. The UN Security Council has passed several resolutions condemning Saudi Arabia for its support of terrorism. Some governments have also withdrawn their ambassadors from Riyadh in protest against its policies.
However, many other countries maintain diplomatic relations with Saudi Arabia despite its role in sponsoring terrorism. These countries include the United States, Russia, China, India, and Israel.
Saudi Arabia is claimed to be the world's greatest funder and supporter of Salafist jihadism, which serves as the doctrinal foundation for terrorist organizations such as al-Qaeda, the Taliban, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, and others. The government of Saudi Arabia provides financial support to mosques and religious schools that preach a hardline version of Islam and give support to the kingdom's minority Al-Saud royal family.
In addition to funding mosques, colleges, and hospitals across the world, the Saudi government has been accused of providing support to radical groups in other countries. These allegations include claims that it has provided funds to help establish pre-Islamic monuments in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and has offered money to rebuild churches destroyed by Muslim extremists in Nigeria.
In recent years, Saudi Arabia has faced increasing criticism for its role in promoting extremist ideas around the world through its sponsorship of religious institutions. In 2011, it was reported that the government had funded an American mosque with a quarter of a million dollars after they were deemed "a valuable tool in spreading Saudi culture abroad". In 2012, it was also reported that the government had sent missionaries to Muslims countries without their permission. Additionally, there are several reports of women being forced to wear headscarves in Saudi Arabia.
Although it is a predominantly Sunni country, Saudi Arabia has a large population of Shia Muslims (20% of the total population).
Saudi Arabia has embraced a moderate form of Islam as part of its Vision 2030 modernization goal, which the Muslim World League strives to promote in Saudi Arabia and throughout the world. According to the Oxford Dictionary of Islam, "the organisation has served as a spokesperson for the Saudi Arabian government, which funds it."
The Muslim World League was founded in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, in November 1961 by Sheikh Abdulrahman Al-Awadhi. The first executive committee consisted of five members: three Saudis and two Egyptians. Its aim was to "establish communication between scholars from different countries so that they can discuss ways of improving Islamic teachings and practices and then try to implement these improvements."
Al-Awadi was inspired to establish the league after visiting Egypt where he saw evidence of progress being made in education, science, and industry but also witnessed the rise of communism there. He believed that only an international organization could help spread Islamic knowledge around the globe.
The league's offices are located in Jeddah, with branches in other cities across the kingdom. The head office is divided into departments including research and interpretation, media relations and communications, marketing and sales, finance, human resources, legal, and auditing.
The league publishes several journals focusing on issues within Islam. It also holds conferences around the world every year.
Saudi Arabia is a theocratic Islamic state. Religious minority are denied the right to practice their faith. Conversion from Islam to another faith is punished by death as apostasy, and non-Muslim propagation is prohibited.
Although there is no official record of such events, they do happen frequently in practice. There have been reports of Christians being arrested for practicing their religion and others fleeing the country because of its intolerant atmosphere.
Non-Muslims can be found working for religious institutions in Saudi Arabia but they must belong to an officially recognized religion. These people are not allowed to proselytize or perform religious rituals and cannot build churches or synagogues.
In conclusion, yes, non-Muslims do get killed in Saudi Arabia. This country is an extreme example of religious intolerance with no guarantee for freedom of religion.