HM Prison Peterborough, located in Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England, is a Category B private jail for men and a closed prison for women and young female offenders. Sodexo Justice Services operates the jail, which is the only one in the UK that is constructed for both boys and ladies. The facility opened in early 2004.
All through its history, HM Prison Peterborough has been known as a training center where new prisoners can learn trades and develop skills that will help them re-enter society. The prison offers an education program for children between the ages of five and 17 years old who are not involved in the criminal justice system.
There are three main units at HM Prison Peterborough: the Young Offenders Institution (YOI), the Male Estate; the Female Estate. The YOI holds 16- to 18-year-olds who have yet to be sentenced. They live within the prison's walls with adult males. In contrast, girls under 17 years old who have been convicted of crimes against children are held in the Female Estate.
Prisoners work on site in more than 20 businesses including a supermarket, two bakeries, a butcher's, a fish restaurant, and a laundry. All profits are returned to the business owners and go toward their operating costs and any additional funds required by way of investment or staff bonuses.
HMP Bronzefield is a female adult and young offender jail on the outskirts of Ashford, Middlesex, England. Bronzefield is the largest female jail in Europe and the UK's first purpose-built private prison for women. Sodexo Justice Services operates the institution. The prison holds up to 930 female inmates at any one time.
HMP Whitemoor is a women's prison in Milton Keynes. It opened in 1992 and is operated by G4S. The prison houses approximately 800 adult females.
HMP Onley is a women's prison near London. It opened in 1996 and is operated by Serco. The prison houses approximately 700 adult females.
On 13 October 2009 it was reported that plans were being considered by the government to build a new high-security women's prison in south-east London. The proposal would see four existing male prisons transformed into women-only facilities. Two of these prisons are expected to become operational by 2014 and 2015. The third will follow later in the decade and the fourth when capacity permits.
All women's prisons in the United Kingdom are divided into units called Response Units (RUs). These are groups of prisoners who require special attention or treatment because they have mental health problems or have been abused while in custody. RUs are run by specialist staff members called Response Unit Officers (RUOs).
Pages in the category "Scotland's Prisons"
There are eight high-security prisons in the United Kingdom. Woodhill, Belmarsh, Full Sutton, Wakefield, Long Lartin, Frankland, Whitemoor, and Manchester are among them (Strangeways). Wakefield is possibly the most well-known of these. It was where several notorious British criminals were held before they appeared at The Old Bailey Criminal Court. They included John Allen, who murdered 15 children between 1910 and 1955; Peter Sutcliffe, who killed 13 women and attempted to kill another later in his career; and Ian Brady, who committed suicide in 1980 after being found not guilty of murder by reason of insanity for his role in the death of 12-year-old James Hanratty.
All prisoners in England and Wales are now supposed to receive a life sentence, but until 1997 they could also be sentenced to die. This was changed with the Murder Act. Since then, any prisoner serving a mandatory minimum sentence of 30 years or more can apply for parole board review after serving 20%. But even if they are granted parole, they will still be required to report regularly to their local police station as a condition of their release. If they fail to do so, they can be re-arrested and returned to prison.
The Ministry of Justice estimates that there are currently about 14,000 people imprisoned in Britain. This is around 7% of the population over the age of 16.
Her Majesty's Prison Service (HMPS) is a division of Her Majesty's Prison and Probation Service (previously the National Offender Management Service), which is the branch of Her Majesty's Government in charge of the majority of prisons in England and Wales. The service also has responsibility for young offender institutions, resettlement prisons and foreign prisons.
The Queen owns two prison estates: She can either open or close prisons by issuing orders through the Secretary of State for Justice. However, since 1994 they have been opened by the Prime Minister instead. She also has the power to make patronage appointments as well as give written instructions on certain matters including the awarding of British honours.
In practice, however, these powers are rarely used because they are seen as inappropriate given that prisoners should be punished for their crimes and not additionally deprived of their liberty. The Queen does have the right to grant reprieves and pardons but only the Prime Minister has the power to remit sentences.
All women's prisons belong to the Ministry of Justice while men's prisons are run by local authorities or private companies. The Queen cannot influence the running of male prisons nor can she close them. However, through the office of the Governor, she can direct what role, if any, she wishes her image to play there. In practice, governors usually seek advice from the police and other agencies on how best to respond to incidents within the prison.
These prisons are regarded as high security prisons because they are built to make escape difficult. There are eight maximum-security prisons in the United Kingdom: HMP Belmarsh, Frankland, Full Sutton, Long Lartin, Manchester, Wakefield, Whitemoor, and Woodhill.
The British government has stated that it will not build any more maximum-security prisons, but does not intend to close existing ones either. The main argument is that such prisons do not appear to reduce crime rates and may even have the opposite effect.
Maximum-security prisons tend to be very expensive to run and this is one of the reasons why there are so few of them in Europe. The government budget for running these prisons is about £140 million (about $180 million) a year. This is a small proportion of the overall prison budget which is about £1 billion ($1.3 billion).
In addition, the government believes that giving prisoners only minimum custody sentences is enough to keep them under control. These are usually sentences of between 1 and 3 years. About 70% of all prisoners receive such sentences.
About 10% of prisoners are held in conditions of solitary confinement. These are prisoners who are isolated from other people for 23 hours a day. They are often kept alone in a cell with no window for years at a time.