Security kinds, including the SPG category, It is classed according to the strength of its security. They are as follows: Z+ category—36 personnel; Z category—22 personnel; Y category—11 personnel; X category—2 personnel. The SPG covers the Ambassador's residence, which is a protected location under U.S. law.
SPGs are issued Glock 17 pistols. They are required to be trained once a year by either their employer or the local police department. Employees must complete a minimum of 16 hours of training per year, with at least 4 of those hours being in use of force scenarios. Officers are required to complete 12 hours of training per year, with 3 of those hours being spent in the classroom and 9 being on-the-job training.
The SPG program was established after the terrorist attack on the United States Embassy in Kenya in 1998 when five people were killed and another 21 injured during an assault on the embassy compound. To protect all employees of the United States government living abroad, then Secretary of State Hillary Clinton created the position of Special Protective Agent. She also designated the United States Secret Service as administrators of the program. Since then, other agencies have been given the authority to administer the program, but the United States Secret Service continues to do so.
Secretaries of State now have the authority to designate other locations as protected locations.
It is classed according to the strength of its security. These numbers indicate the minimum number of guards that must be on duty at all times.
The guard classification system was introduced in 1947 by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). The goal was to provide a method by which airlines could charge more for air travel and still remain competitive with other forms of transportation. In addition, IATA felt that having different categories of security would make it easier for them to recruit and select security officers.
It should be noted that not all countries use the IAS system. Some countries have their own system for classifying security. For example, the United States uses a three-tier system: top priority, high priority, and medium priority.
In general, the higher the category, the greater the level of security provided. However, this is not always the case. There are Y category airports where no special precautions are taken for baggage or passengers. Also, some countries may place certain facilities such as toilets or food courts in separate buildings from the main airport terminal. If these facilities are classified as Y or X category, then they would not require any additional security measures beyond what is required for ordinary terminals.
A security detail whose strength is unknown (only provided to the Prime Minister of India) The Z+ category is a security detail of 55 people, including at least 10 NSG commandos and police officers. The Z category is a security detail of 22 people, including four or five NSG commandos and police officers. The SPUD category is a security detail of 15 people, including two NSG commandos and police officers.
The Special Protection Group is an elite unit of the Indian Police Service that provides personal security to government officials involved in matters of national importance.
They were founded on 5 August 1980 by then prime minister Gandhi to provide security to former prime minister Indira Gandhi and her family members. They have since then protected several prominent Indians including several political leaders, social activists and business persons.
An exclusive security contract was signed with Wackenhut Services Inc. in March 1991 for providing security to Sonia Gandhi and other members of the Congress Party leadership. The contract was renewed twice after which it was terminated by Wackenhut in February 2003 due to non-payment of fees. Thereafter, the government negotiated with several companies but could not find any willing to take up the contract. In May 2004, the government decided to re-enter into negotiations with Wackenhut Services Inc. to reinstate their previous contract.
The Z+ category is a security detail of 55 people, including at least 10 NSG commandos and police officers. The Y category is a security detail of 11 people, including one or two commandos and a police officer.
There are also about 60 other members of staff who support the commandos. They include cooks, cleaners and drivers.
The NSG was formed in 1987 after the Indian government decided that they needed an elite force that could operate independently from civilian authorities to safeguard top secret documents and materials. The first recruits were selected by an independent panel and trained at the National Defence Academy at New Delhi before being sent into active duty.
In 2008, following the Mumbai terror attacks, the government expanded the role of the group to include anti-terrorist operations. In addition to this, they continue to guard important buildings and sites as well as act as crisis managers anywhere in India where civil authority cannot be reached quickly enough for help.
The NSG has been involved in several high-profile incidents during its history. In 1990, it captured Abdul Hamid Khan, the "Bangladesh Jackal". He had been hired by the Indian government to kill Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi but had killed his own partner instead. For this crime, he was given the death sentence but later freed due to lack of evidence against him.
Various types of security protection
|Category||Number of Commandos||Current cover|
|Z+||10+||Rahul Gandhi, Amit Shah, Rajnath Singh, Yogi Adityanath , Priyanka Gandhi, N. Chandrababu Naidu|
|Z||4-5||Around 300 members belonging to various categories. (As of 2018)|
Each member of the Z+ category is a martial arts and unarmed combat specialist. NSG commandos equipped with advanced MP5 rifles and contemporary communication devices offer -Z+ security. - Z+ protection is offered to just 10–17 VIPs in the country. The identity of most protected persons is kept secret by the government.
In addition to NSG members, other -Z+ individuals include judges, prosecutors, police officers, and senior government officials.
How does Z+ security work? When you are granted -Z+ status, the Indian government assigns you an ID number. Only people with ID numbers can apply for -Z+ protection. If you are selected for -Z+ protection, we will contact you by phone or email. We will also send you information on how to claim your security deposit if you are given that option. The security deposit can be used to buy more comprehensive insurance policies or transferred to another person's name.
What does -Z+ security cover? You will be covered under the Indian government's official policy on armed violence, which includes acts of terrorism. However, if you are suspected of being involved in illegal activities, then your -Z+ status may be cancelled - without refunding your security deposit.
Does -Z+ security cover civilian casualties? Yes. If civilians are killed during -Z+ security operations, we will pay compensation as per law.
The police and municipal governments in India give security details to some high-risk people. The Y category is a security detail comprising eight people, including one or two commandos and police officers. The X category is a security detail of two people, with no commandos and simply armed cops. There is also a Z category which includes only women guards.
In 2017, there were reports that the government was considering making it easier for victims of crime to obtain arms licenses by removing the requirement that they provide a reason for wanting to buy a gun. The move would have removed a barrier for female owners who say they need guns for protection because there are no legal ways for them to be included on their partners' license files.
There have been calls from several groups including the Women's Security Network and the International Institute for Non-Proliferation Technology to abolish the Y category so that equal protection is given to men and women.
But the government says it has no plans to remove the Y category. A senior official said: "There is no proposal to withdraw the Y category."
Since its introduction in 2003, the Y category has been criticized for being ineffective and adding to the burden on the police department. In most cases, the guards are not trained in firearms use. They usually just provide a moral support by staying with their clients or relatives during home visits by police investigators.