(a) Court proceedings may not be photographed, filmed, or broadcast without the express consent of the Court, as established by California Rules of Court, Rule 1.150 (b). Court security should tell everyone entering the courtroom to switch off any electronic devices as part of this endeavor. Courts across the country have found that allowing cameras into their facilities increases public confidence in their systems and helps reduce crime.
There are two main types of courtrooms: open and closed. In an open courtroom anyone can watch the proceedings, which means that spectators are usually allowed in criminal cases. In civil cases, such as lawsuits, employers often hire lawyers to represent them at trials (or arbitration hearings). These employees are called witnesses because they testify about what happened during the incident that is being tried. Employees who work for companies that do not have their own lawyers sometimes wear company uniforms to court - this is called wearing business attire.
In closed-courtroom hearings, only those with a specific interest in the case will attend. This form of hearing is used when privacy is important, such as where children might be affected by the decisions made by the judges. Attorneys representing parties involved in the case are also allowed to attend these hearings so they can ask questions of witnesses.
"Except as expressly permitted by a legislation or these rules, the court shall not permit the taking of photos in the courtroom during judicial processes or the broadcasting of judicial proceedings from the courtroom," reads Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 53. Some federal courtrooms, however, have experimented using...
Cameras have rarely been permitted in our courts outside of the Supreme Court of Canada. In reality, the Court of Justices Act in Ontario forbids taking pictures or videotaping court proceedings or individuals entering or leaving the courthouse, a ban affirmed by the Ontario Court of Appeal. However, it is not illegal to take photographs or video at provincial courthouses in Ontario if you obtain permission from the court administrator.
Canadian courts use a common law system similar to that of England before it became a member state of the European Union. The typical plaintiff will be able to bring a lawsuit against another person or company who has done them harm. They will need to prove three things to win their case: that they were injured, that the other person was responsible for this injury, and that they deserve compensation.
In most cases, judges will decide how much money should be awarded as compensation based on the amount of damage done and the degree of responsibility assigned to the defendant. Damages can include financial losses such as medical bills or lost wages, but they can also include non-financial losses such as pain and suffering or loss of dignity.
In general, photographers and videographers can take photos and shoot video in public places like streets or parks, as long as they don't interfere with the crime investigation or judicial process.
Cameras are not permitted in many courtrooms in order to avoid distractions and protect privacy. As a result, the news media must rely on sketch artists to provide images of the proceedings. These drawings are used by newspapers to report on what happens in court and often appear as covers of their own right.
In American courts, cartoonists are usually hired by newspapers to draw cartoons that describe what happens in court. The judge may ask for some of the jurors to be drawn separately so they can be included in the panel's portrait. Newspapers sometimes use photographs instead; but since cameras are allowed in U.S. federal courts, this is less common there.
In British courts, caricaturists are usually employed by magazines to produce portraits of those appearing in court cases. Like their American counterparts, these caricatures are intended as humorous illustrations rather than factual representations.
Courtroom sketches have been used by newspapers as long as they have existed. In fact, they were probably first used by newspapers as a way of informing readers about what was happening in court without printing pictures of the events themselves. Sketches were also useful for covering trials that might last several days or months while allowing readers to keep up with how it all turned out.
Photography and broadcasting are authorized in certain courtrooms but not in others in the United States. However, in the aftermath of the O.J. trial, several judges chose to prohibit cameras from being used in their courtrooms. These rulings were based on policy decisions about the role of media in a criminal justice system that seeks to be fair to all parties involved.
Court rules vary greatly from state to state as to whether photographers are allowed in courtroom proceedings. For example, while photography is generally permitted in Florida courts, it is prohibited in juvenile hearings due to security concerns for the juveniles involved. Similarly, photographers are not allowed in Maryland courts during child abuse or neglect cases because of the trauma suffered by victims who must testify against their abusers.
In some states, such as New York, photographers are allowed into courtrooms to cover legal events, such as trials and legislative sessions. However, they can be excluded if doing so would jeopardize an investigation or prosecution. For example, photos taken in court during jury selection may lead jurors to identify themselves publicly, which could affect their ability to be impartial if they are selected for a case.
Generally speaking, individuals have the right to photograph police officers in the course of their duties. However, this right can be limited if the photographer takes pictures without permission or violates another person's privacy.