Even if it has been endorsed by a solicitor, notary, or other organization, you should not present a photocopy of a certificate as evidence of the event. Only the original certificate can be used as proof of identity and relationship.
Photocopying documents containing personal information allows for their illegal reproduction. Therefore, photography is not allowed in some countries where copyright laws protect original artwork. Photocopies of certificates contain identifying information that could lead to identification of real people. Thus, they are not legal evidence of any kind and cannot be used as such.
It is your responsibility to verify the authenticity of any document you may be asked to prove your relationship with each other or claim inheritance from someone else. Certificates can only verify blood relation; they cannot prove marriage. A marriage license can be used to establish legitimacy of children born into or adopted by married couples. However, even if it has been endorsed by a solicitor, notary, or other organization, you should not present a photocopy of a license as evidence of the event.
Photography is not allowed in some countries where copyright laws protect original artwork. If you take photographs of documents containing personal information, they may not be admissible as evidence.
In law, a photocopy of any document is inadmissible. It can only be used as evidence as secondary evidence under the rules of the Evidence Act. In other words, you cannot enter the original document into evidence, but you may enter a photocopy.
The only time that photocopies are acceptable as primary evidence is when the original is lost or destroyed. For example, if a company burns all of its records when it closes its office, then the photocopies would be able to be entered into evidence as primary evidence.
Photocopying documents has become a common practice in businesses and schools across America. However, many people do not know that photocopies are not legal evidence. Photocopies can't be entered into evidence in court, used as proof of ownership, or relied upon as a basis for making decisions about your life.
If you are going to photocopy documents, be sure to keep them intact. You should also consider what purpose you will be serving by copying these documents. Will they be used in a trial? If so, you should get written permission from each party involved before proceeding. Otherwise, you could find yourself in trouble with the law.
It is merely stated orally that it is a photocopy, with no assertion that what was photographed was the original or that it was compared to the original. As a result, in order for the photocopy to be acceptable as evidence, it must be certified. Certification means that someone who is competent to do so (i.e., someone who is not involved in creating or modifying the document) has signed (or otherwise affirmed) before a notary public or other officer authorized by law to take acknowledgements. This certification process ensures that the photocopy is an accurate representation of the document it purports to be a copy of.
A certain amount of photocopying is unavoidable in a case, thus it is included as part of the overheads in a solicitor's fees or hourly rate. A word of caution: it is legal for attorneys to charge the opposing party for supplying copies of papers. However, this should not be done without first seeking permission from the court.
The Delhi High Court ruled that in a certain case, forgery can be determined even if the document is a photocopy, and experts were unable to provide a conclusive verdict. When the case was heard by the High Court, it ruled that there was a potential of inferring forgery. In other words, it could result in a finding of forgery if enough evidence was presented at trial to allow this conclusion.
In India, criminal forgery includes acts such as printing name of another person or organization without their consent, use of forged documents, making false entries in records with intent to defraud or harm someone else. Criminal forgery is punishable by up to 10 years in prison. For example, if you print a check using your friend's account number but change one digit of that number before printing it, you have committed forgery. The law applies even if you give the check to someone else who uses all of the digits of their account number when depositing it at a bank or paying with it at an ATM machine.
3 that the document was not obtained through lawful means. For example, if you sign your friend's name to a check without their permission, this would be criminal forgery.
It is against the law to photocopy a passport or a driver's license. Also, please be aware that not all countries allow their citizens to copy their IDs, so if you do decide to photocopy your license make sure you get one from inside the UK.
Photocopying documents isn't a crime, but doing so with the intention of distributing them falsely may be. So if you are thinking of making some money by selling photocopies of people's licenses, remember that this is illegal in most countries and can lead to a prison sentence.
In addition, false information printed on a license is considered fraud and may result in having your own license revoked by your home country's authorities. Therefore, if you are not legally allowed to drive, it is recommended that you don't photocopy someone else's license.
However, if you do choose to do so, just make sure that you don't sell them to people who will use them to drive illegally or check into hotels under their name. These actions could also be considered fraud and could result in getting yourself into trouble with the law.
Finally, remember that data breaches have become common these days.