It's usual for law enforcement to see an increase in crime throughout the summer months. When the weather heats up and crime rates climb, several city departments send in more cops. Summer, on the other hand, isn't all that different from the other seasons in other, often warmer locations. There are just so many people out and about during these months that criminals feel comfortable taking advantage of this fact.
Crime rates usually rise between April and June and drop off again around September or October. This is true even when you exclude traffic accidents. The number of police officers on duty also increases then, particularly if they're members of a force with heavier patrols scheduled at those times of the year.
There are two main reasons why crime tends to rise in the warmer months. First, there are simply more people out and about, so there are more opportunities for crimes to be committed. For example, there's more chance of someone being robbed when they're out walking home from work or going to the store than when they're inside their house.
Secondly, it has something to do with human nature. As temperatures rise, people tend to move outside more. This means there are more chances for conflicts to arise between neighbors and friends who live in separate homes. These could be problems like drug dealing or sexual harassment, but they can just as easily be larger scale issues such as fights or robberies.
Why does crime rise in the summer? According to a Department of Justice research, crime is more prevalent in the summer than in the winter. Burglaries are more than 10% more prevalent during the summer, but they aren't the only sort of crime that increases. Aggravated assaults, for example, are 24% more likely during the summer months.
Why do crimes increase in the summer? One reason could be that people are out and about more, so there are more opportunities for things to go wrong. For example, if someone gets drunk and drives away from the scene of the crime, that could be considered an assault even if nobody was injured. Criminal acts like this one become more common during the warmer months because people are out in public more.
Another reason could be that criminals take advantage of any opening they find. If the door to your house is left open, you might want to close it or install a lock. Or if your car is left with the keys inside, you should move it into the shade or under a cover item (such as a blanket or tarp) to reduce wear and tear on the interior and exterior. Crimes like these can be committed because individuals believe they can get away with it. But since it's hotter outside and there are fewer people around, there's a lower chance of being caught.
Household property victimization, thievery, and significant violent crimes are also more prevalent in the summer. The number one reason criminals break into homes is to steal cars. When temperatures rise, so does the value of your car, which makes it a more attractive target for thieves.
There are several factors that may lead to an increase in criminal activity in the summer months, such as the weather, the time of year, and the activities available to people when not at work or school. Certain crimes tend to increase with warmer temperatures because people need additional heat to stay warm while other crimes may be reduced by the fact that people can move around more easily when it's cooler. For example, there are fewer restrictions on where you can go when it's 90 degrees outside compared to when it's 30 degrees outside.
The type of crime that most often occurs in the summer depends on what type of crime scene investigators find when they arrive at the scene. If there are no signs of forced entry or vandalism, such as open doors or windows, it may indicate that someone who knew the victim(s) well enough to let them inside or leave their belongings behind probably committed the crime. Burglars typically choose easy targets without checking if anyone is home first or not.
During the warmer months of the year, almost all forms of personal and domestic crimes are more likely to occur. Statistical studies consistently demonstrate that crimes against property peak in the winter while crimes against persons and morals peak in the summer. These trends can be explained by the fact that there are more opportunities for crime when there are more people out and about during warm weather months.
Some crimes have shown to be prevalent during certain seasons. For example, murders are three times more likely to happen between November and March than at any other time of the year. There are two reasons why this is the case: first, these are the busiest months for most countries/jurisdictions; second, people are on their way to or from work during weekdays which reduces the chances of being caught if you happen to be involved in a crime.
There are several theories about why crimes increase during spring and fall. Some experts believe it has something to do with hormones. The hormone cortisol increases during cold temperatures and this may make people act aggressively towards one another over small issues. A drop in temperature also decreases the rate at which water evaporates which may lead to arguments over water rights.
Other factors such as school vacations, social events, and traffic accidents have been cited as explanations for the rise in crimes around Easter and Christmas.
Murder is a seasonal crime. Summer rates are normally higher than winter rates, with the exception of December, which is frequently the costliest month and is frequently 5 to 20% more than the yearly average. The number of murders increases around the holidays, when people tend to be home alone instead of in groups where someone might help protect them.
The peak period for murder is between 17:00 and 19:00 hours on weekdays, with a secondary peak at midnight on weekends.
Murder rates are generally higher in large cities than in smaller ones, though not by much. A 2000 study conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) found that larger cities have an average of 5.5 murders per 100,000 people, while small towns and rural areas only have 3.4 murders per 100,000 people. This difference is probably due to the fact that bigger cities have more opportunities for violence, such as street gangs, drug dealers, and alcohol abusers who can turn on each other easily. Smaller towns usually have fewer opportunities for violence, but when it does happen it happens more often. For example, a study conducted by the FBI showed that there were about 7 murders per 100,000 people in rural areas, while there were 11 murders per 100,000 people in large cities.