The Royal Gibraltar Police (RGP) is the primary civilian law enforcement body of the British overseas territory of Gibraltar, together with Her Majesty's Customs (Gibraltar). Outside of the United Kingdom, it is the Commonwealth of Nations' oldest police force. The RGP provides criminal justice services across an area of approximately 57 square kilometres (22 sq mi), including the city and its surrounding districts.
English law governs in Gibraltar, which means that Gibraltar has the same laws as England does. However, Gibraltarians do not have the right to vote on issues relating to policing or crime. They can only have a voice on issues such as public safety campaigns and other activities that affect them directly.
In addition to their role as police officers, some members of the RGP also perform non-law enforcement duties such as road maintenance and customs checks at the border between Gibraltar and Spain. There are about 140 full-time members of the RGP, including 35 women.
They work alongside three Assistant Chief Officers who manage human resources, finance, operations, and intelligence and security. There are also five Deputy Commissioners who oversee particular areas of responsibility within their division or department.
Since its creation in 1713, the Royal Gibraltar Police has been responsible for policing the Rock of Gibraltar. The first commander was appointed by King George II and he received a salary of £50 per year.
The Royal Military Police (RMP) is the British Army corps responsible for policing army service troops and providing a military police presence both in the United Kingdom and while service men are deployed overseas on operations and exercises. The RMP is also responsible for providing security at major royal events, such as the wedding of Prince Charles to Diana, Princess of Wales.
In addition to their role as police officers, some members of the RMP serve in other capacities within the British Armed Forces. For example, some personnel can be found working with the Ministry of Defence in other departments such as the Department for International Development or the Ministry of Justice. Other personnel are assigned to NATO or UN missions.
Finally, some members of the RMP are employed by private companies that contract with the British government to provide security services. These companies often use non-official names for their units - the most well known of these being "G4S MI5" and "Oddbins".
Contracting out security duties reduces costs for the government while maintaining control over who is tasked with enforcing laws and regulations. Many large organizations rely on G4S for their private security forces due to the company's reputation for reliability and expertise at providing security solutions.
British Armed Forces Gibraltar refers to the British Armed Forces stationed in Gibraltar, a British overseas territory. Gibraltar is largely utilized as a training facility as a layover for planes and ships en route to and from operations east of Suez or in Africa because to its pleasant temperature and rocky topography. The garrison also includes personnel responsible for security at several airports within Gibraltar.
In addition to their roles as a training base and security force, some members of the British Armed Forces also serve as peacekeepers on behalf of the United Kingdom in Kosovo and elsewhere. A small number are employed as commercial fishermen in Gibraltar's fishing industry.
Gibraltar has been described as Europe's biggest army camp with an estimated 20,000 military personnel based there at any one time. The majority are members of the Royal Gibraltar Police but there are also members of other British Armed Forces units such as the Royal Marines and Parachute Regiment. In total, around 5,000 British citizens are believed to be living in Gibraltar.
There is also a large population of expatriate workers from other countries including Spain, Italy, Portugal, France, and Greece. In 2016, it was reported that 1 in 6 people in Gibraltar were either born abroad or have another country's citizenship. This makes Gibraltarians one of the most multiethnic groups in Europe after the Turks in Germany.
It is an autonomous British Overseas Territory. The common law and equity standards apply. Except for foreign affairs and defense, the Gibraltar Parliament has complete legislative authority. The majority of enactments are based on their counterparts in the United Kingdom. However, some changes have been made to accommodate the particular needs of Gibraltar. For example, a new crime of incitement to violence within the community was introduced in 1999 because there was no equivalent offence under British law.
Gibraltar's relationship with the United Kingdom remains strong. In fact, it is one of Britain's most important dependencies. Gibraltar's government works closely with that of the United Kingdom, and the two countries share a minister for home affairs as well as a chief financial officer.
However, unlike other territories, Gibraltar has not voted on whether or not it wants to remain part of the United Kingdom. Instead, its governor has the power to make decisions on behalf of the people of Gibraltar regarding their relationship with the UK.
Gibraltar's economy is dependent upon tourism and trading companies. It also has significant deposits of oil and gas. However, these resources account for only 15% of Gibraltar's total revenue. The rest comes from taxes on imports and exports, commerce, and business services.
In order to qualify for special status, territories need to meet certain conditions.
The Government of Gibraltar is not subservient to the Government of the United Kingdom because it is a British Overseas Territory. The British government is in charge of defense and foreign affairs, although Gibraltar has complete internal self-governance under the 2006 Constitution.
Gibraltar was captured by Spain in 1479 during the War of the Castilian Succession. After the defeat of King Ferdinand II of Aragon at the Battle of Gibara in 1706, the territory was granted back to Britain's King George I as part of the Peace of Utrecht. In 1802, after more wars with Spain, Gibraltar was declared to be a free port under British control. In April 1967, after yet another war with Spain, Gibraltar became a British colony known as Gibraltar. It has been an independent state within the European Union since March 2014.
In terms of government, Gibraltar has a parliamentary system with a chief minister rather than a prime minister. A governor acts as both head of state and representative of the monarch.
Gibraltar's economy is dependent on tourism and trading operations. It is also a major base for shipping companies that trade between Europe and Africa. In 2015, its GDP was estimated to be $2.4 billion with per capita income of $64,000.