They are meant to be shot towards the legs or lower body, and police officers are instructed to avoid shooting at the head, neck, and groin. Shooting projectiles at a distance reduces their force and accuracy, as well as the chance of hitting bystanders or shooting individuals in the face. Police officers are also taught not to shoot while running.
Rubber bullets are spherical balls made from synthetic or natural rubber that are filled with steel pellets. They can be white, red, blue, or black. While they look like real bullets, people can still see them coming because they make a whistling noise when they hit flesh. Rubber bullets are non-lethal for humans, but they can cause serious injury or death to animals.
Police officers are trained to fire rubber bullets from firearms such as H&K MP5s, M4s, and AR-15s. The bullet is fired toward the ground at close range, causing it to rebound off surfaces and return to the officer's hand. This allows the officer to control where it lands within the target area.
Officers are also taught how to recognize the signs of injury caused by a rubber bullet. For example, someone who has been shot in the leg will likely limp after the fact. An individual who has been shot in the chest may begin to cough up blood.
Rubber bullets, when targeted at the legs, can prevent a dangerous individual or mob from approaching a police officer, according to Lazzaro. Rubber bullets, on the other hand, may penetrate the skin, shatter bones, fracture the skull, and rupture the eyeball when shot at close range, according to him. The force of the rubber bullet is contained by the body, not releasing enough energy to do significant damage.
When fired at a person's chest, a rubber bullet could be capable of piercing the skin and causing serious injury or death. The force of a rubber bullet comes from an air-driven projectile sandwiched between two sheets of rubber. When it strikes flesh, the rubber expands and releases its stored energy through friction just like any other ball bearing.
These bullets were originally designed for use by law enforcement agencies in situations where ordinary bullets would be ineffective or inappropriate. For example, they are used by some police departments when dealing with animals as they will not break down doors or windows like real bullets would. They are also used when there is a risk that bystanders might be injured by regular bullets.
It is possible for a rubber bullet to cause serious injury or death if it hits a vital area of the body. For example, one study found that 95 percent of all rubber bullet injuries occur when the bullets are aimed above the head. This is because those parts of the body protect vital organs such as the brain and heart.
After being hired, police recruits must go through a rigorous training program at the police academy. Riot police also deploy specialized offensive weapons such as tear gas, pepper spray, rubber bullets, TASERs, water cannons, and canine units to suppress or disperse crowds.... The curriculum for riot control officer training programs varies depending on the agency but usually includes classes in law enforcement techniques, psychology of crime, criminal investigations, search skills, firearms training, field exercises, and self-defense tactics.
Riot officers are typically assigned to special divisions within departments where they can use their authority to make arrests, issue citations, and perform other duties as needed. They may work alone or in teams, depending on the situation. Often, several officers will be assigned to one case in order to ensure everyone's safety while making an arrest.
Additionally, some agencies with large urban centers require new officers to undergo cross-training in specialized areas such as arson investigation, crisis intervention, and juvenile justice before being allowed to work alone in the field.
Finally, some agencies with small communities or limited budgets employ staff members who are not licensed police officers but who have been approved by the department to perform certain tasks related to public safety. They generally do not carry guns but may have other legal powers under state and local laws.
The intended application is to fire towards the ground, making the round to bounce up and hit the target on the legs, producing agony but not harm. The British Army used around 55,000 rubber bullets in Northern Ireland between 1970 and 1975. In 1993, the United Nations adopted a resolution calling for the complete elimination of rubber bullet use.
When fired from most weapons that use standard ammunition, rubber bullets will travel at about 120 feet per second. That's faster than the speed of regular bullets (about 75 ft/s), but not fast enough to do serious damage unless they hit something hard (such as a human body). Rubber bullets work by making a loud noise when they contact with any surface. This makes them useful for distracting or alarming animals away from people and property, but not actually deadly.
There have been several deaths caused by rubber bullets in recent years. For example, in 2010, two men died after being shot with rubber bullets during protests in Chile's capital city, Santiago. The police claim that these bullets cannot actually kill people because they don't contain metal particles that could cause injuries. But critics say this is a cover-up since rubber bullets are rarely used against unarmed civilians.
In addition, rubber bullets can be dangerous if used against people who should not be touched by police officers (for example, those suffering from heart problems).
Cops may grasp these batons by the side handle, which goes down the forearm to the elbow. This stance is used to block punches and perform pain compliance holds. They can also grip them at the base, so the side handle acts as a hilt, perhaps stopping counter-strikes. Finally, they can hold them across their chest, using the shaft as a club.
Police officers are trained in the effective use of their nightsticks. They can be used for striking an incapacitating blow, such as against a person's head or body. They can also be used defensively, for example, if someone is trying to pull your gun from its holster. Finally, they can be used for control purposes, such as when making a traffic stop.
Nightsticks are usually made of rubber or plastic and are about 3 feet (1 m) long. There are various techniques used by cops to subdue suspects. For example, one method involves hitting the back of the head with the end of the stick. Another technique is to bend over and grab the ankle with one hand while reaching up with the other hand to grab the wrist or arm that is not being used to restrain you.
Cops often carry more than one nightstick to be able to provide backup for fellow officers or to use against multiple suspects.
Additionally, some departments issue Tasers to their officers.