Cyber assaults may trigger power outages, military equipment breakdowns, and leaks of national security secrets. They can lead to the theft of important and sensitive data, such as medical information. They have the ability to interrupt phone and computer networks as well as paralyze systems, rendering data inaccessible. Cyber attackers can also use these attacks to their advantage by spreading malicious software (malware) that can steal personal information or cause money transfers to be sent to fraudulent accounts.
The recent leak of more than 4 million passport details is evidence of the sheer scale of the threat posed by cyber criminals. The leak was discovered last month by British cybersecurity firm Guardicore, which found that the documents included names, dates of birth, addresses, and passport numbers. Some people were even able to identify themselves in the leaked data because their passports contained photos that had been published online previously.
The firm said it believed the data had been stolen over several years and suggested that hackers might have used scanners to collect the images from inside embassies around the world.
The number of incidents involving passport data has increased dramatically in recent years, with many cases linked to countries where identity fraud is common. For example, Australian, Belgian, Canadian, Italian, New Zealand, South African, and U.S. citizens have all had their data compromised on at least one occasion.
Most cyber assaults occur because thieves desire your company's financial information. Customers' financial information (for example, credit card information), customers' or staff email addresses, and login credentials are all attractive targets for hackers. A hacker can use this information to commit identity theft or make other purchases with the victims' accounts.
Cyber attackers can be motivated by a variety of factors. Some hack to protest or bring attention to an issue that is important to them. Others may be doing it for fun. Still others may see it as a way to make money.
The most common reason why people hack is to obtain passwords. This can be so a person can steal funds from accounts or to make other purchases with the account holder's permission. Hackers may use various methods to gain access to passwords, including phishing, social engineering, and malware.
Phishing involves sending emails to employees at companies that have been hacked, asking them to click on a link or visit a website where they will be tricked into giving their username and password.
Social engineering is similar to phishing in that it involves tricking people into providing information or accessing resources. In this case, though, the goal is not to capture their username and password, but rather their trust so that they will give out their own information or access theirs.
Cyber attack protection is critical for all businesses and organizations. The following are some instances of common cyber assaults and data breaches: Identity theft, fraud, and extortion are all forms of extortion. Some of the most frequent forms of malware are malware, phishing, spamming, spoofing, spyware, trojans, and viruses. Laptops and mobile devices that have been stolen are examples of stolen gear. Data breaches can be intentional or unintentional. Intentional data breaches are usually done for political reasons (for example, releasing personal information of many people in order to influence an election) or for financial reasons (such as stealing credit card numbers). Unintentional data breaches may occur when an employee makes a mistake while using company equipment and data, or when someone steals data from a computer network drive full of important documents.
Prevention of cyber attacks involves taking various steps to protect your business from being target of such attacks. Prevention measures include: updating software, ensuring that passwords are not easy to guess, not sharing sensitive information online, not clicking on suspicious links, not giving out personal information over the phone, and verifying the identity of any person who requests it.
The best defense against cyber attacks is strong password management. Users should avoid using simple words that are easily guessed, such as "password". Instead, use characters from a dictionary, such as numbers and letters. Also, do not share your password with anyone; instead, allow users to change their own passwords if they forget them. Finally, disable auto-login functions so that you have to log in yourself every time you use your computer.