Norway had a murder rate of 0.53 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2018. In 2018, there were 25 murders in Norway. This is about average for countries with a population between 5 million and 10 million people.
Murder is illegal in Norway. It is punished by imprisonment for at least 1 year but cannot be sentenced to death.
The government invests significant resources in crime prevention. For example, police officers conduct surveillance in places where crimes may occur (e.g., parks), they often work with partners within the community to reduce violence (e.g., social workers), and they try to identify criminals who might be at risk of committing more crimes.
Crime statistics in Norway are published annually by Statistics Norway. The data cover offences that were reported to police during 2012-2017. They include information on type of offence, location of incident, suspect/perpetrator, weapon used if any, victim personal details (age, sex).
Murder. In 2016, the murder rate in Finland was 1.14 per 100,000 inhabitants. In Finland, there were 85 killings in 2018. This is below the European average of 1.3 murders per 100,000 people.
Here are the numbers of murders by type:
Homicide. Murder is the killing of one human being by another. Homicide can be either justifiable or unjustifiable. Justifiable homicide is defined as a reasonable defense of one's self or another person. Unjustifiable homicide is any other kind of homicide.
Finland has very strict laws on homicide. Only those acts that qualify as justified defense possibilities are considered legal grounds for shooting someone. Otherwise, the homicide would be considered unjustified.
The most common reasons given by Finns for shooting someone are defending one's self or another person (43% each) and preventing a crime (20%). Other reasons include health issues, business disputes, and anger problems. No reason was given in 10% of cases.
When it comes to defending oneself or another person, citizens have the right to use as much force as necessary, even if this means shooting at someone without knowing how many shots they have left.
In 2017, Denmark has one of the lowest intentional homicide rates in the world, at 1.20 per 100,000 people (1). Given its modest population (5.8 million), that equates to only 71 murders that year.
When it comes to general crime, Denmark has one of the most dangerous cities in Europe, if not the most dangerous. Copenhagen has been ranked number one in the world by TripAdvisor for most dangerous city trip. Other major Danish cities ranking high on the list include Malmö, Marseille, and Liverpool.
There have been several high-profile crimes in Denmark over the years, some of which have made international news. In 2003, Tommy Lee Jones's son was killed when a car he was riding in crashed into a tree. In 2012, the wife and daughter of former prime minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen were shot dead in their home. And in 2015, an armed man took hostages at a supermarket in Copenhagen before being fatally shot by police.
Denmark has very strict gun control laws, and it is believed that the man who took hostages at the supermarket may have used his weapon illegally. However, this cannot be confirmed as no guns were found at the scene.
Overall, Denmark tends to score highly on violence prevention programs such as World Health Organization's (WHO) Violence Prevention Assessment Tool.
Despite this statistical quirk, Sweden has a homicide and murder rate that is among the lowest in the world, with roughly 1.14 recorded cases of murder or manslaughter per 100,000 people in 2015. This is less than one-tenth of the United States' rate of 44.9 cases per 100,000 people.
Sweden's crime rate has been on the decline since 2004 when it was estimated to be 5.5 million crimes committed in Sweden. Since then the crime rate has continued to drop until 2015 when it was estimated to be 4.6 million crimes committed in Sweden. The crime rate has now dropped below the previous record low set in 2002.
There are several factors that may have contributed to this decline including more police officers on the streets, improved training for law enforcement personnel, changes to the criminal justice system such as reductions in sentencing, and changes in public attitudes toward crime.
Sweden's crime rate is lower than most other European countries including Germany, France, and Italy. It is also lower than many other developed countries including the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.
Sweden remains a very safe country to live in. However, like any other country, there are areas where you might see a higher crime rate such as Rio de Janeiro Brazil or Mexico City Mexico.