Tasmania Police recorded a 125 percent clearance rate for murder offenses, which includes all four reported this year as well as one from the prior year. Tasmania, on the other hand, has the lowest murder rate in the country, with 54 murders reported in the decade ending June 2020. That's one murder every other week.
The clear-up rate was calculated by dividing the number of investigations closed with an indictable finding (i.e., found guilty) by the total number of investigations conducted. Indictable findings include manslaughter, murder and sexual assault. They also include cases where the suspect died before charges could be laid. In these cases, investigations are concluded when the file is closed.
Clear-up rates are not available for previous years but have typically ranged from 80 to 95 percent. The national average is 92 percent.
There were 54 homicides in Tasmania between 2001 and 2010. This is the lowest number since records began in 1876. The majority of the crimes involved men who knew each other. Firearms were used in almost every case, with knives being the most common weapon other than firearms.
Tasmania has been ranked best state for crime reduction since 2005. The next highest ranking state was New South Wales with a rank of third best.
In terms of per capita homicide, Tasmania ranks first or second depending on how you count cases where more than one person was murdered.
The murder/homicide rate in Australia in 2018 was 0.89, a 7.98 percent rise over 2017. The murder/homicide rate in Australia in 2017 was 0.83, an 11.75 percent decrease from 2016. The murder/homicide rate in Australia in 2016 was 0.94, a 5.12 percent decrease from 2015. The murder/homicide rate in Australia in 2015 was 0.99, a 4.24 percent decrease from 2014. The murder/homicide rate in Australia in 2014 was 1.13, a 12.61 percent increase from 2013.
These are the highest rates of murder since 2001 when they were recorded at 1.20 per 100,000 people. At that time, there were about 4 million people living in Australia.
In 2018 there were 2,051 murders across Australia. Men accounted for 95 percent of homicides. Age-adjusted homicide rates were highest among Aboriginal people (10.5 cases per 100,000 population) and people aged 45 to 54 years old (9.4 cases per 100,000 population). Rates were also high among people aged 20 to 24 years old (8.3 cases per 100,000 population), 35 to 39 years old (7.9 cases per 100,000 population), and 10 to 14 years old (7.6 cases per 100,000 population).
Murder rates vary between states and territories. They are highest in New South Wales and Victoria and lowest in Tasmania and South Australia. Within states, rates can be high in certain areas without necessarily being high overall.
In 2018, the recorded murder rate in Melbourne was 2.2 per 100,000 people. This is lower than any other year since 2004 when it was also 2.2 per 100,000.
The number of homicides in Melbourne has increased over the past decade. There were 89 homicides in 2008 and 89 homicides in 2017. This makes 2018 the second most dangerous year on record behind only 2004. When you combine injuries from assault to suicide that are not classified as crimes, the overall injury rate in Melbourne is 40.0 per 100,000 people. This is higher than any other year since 2004.
There have been more than 80 homicides in Melbourne since 2008. These are all listed by month below. The numbers increase in January with 22 incidents and then drop off throughout the rest of the year until November when there are again 22 homicides.
The deadliest day in Melbourne's history was December 9, 2004. That day there were 18 homicides reported in one day, including a mass shooting at a party where six people were killed and another two people died after being hit by cars while running away from the gunfire. Since then, no single day has had more than 12 homicides except for 2018 when there were 31 deaths across all causes.
In 2018, the murder rate in the United States was 5.0 per 100,000 inhabitants, with a total of 15,498 murders. Of these cases, 88% were committed by someone they knew. The majority of murders (61%) were committed without a weapon being used.
The number of murders per million people varies greatly from state to state within the United States. In 2018, the most common method of killing was with a gun (80%), followed by beatings (14%) and then strangling (6%).
Murder is the leading cause of death for individuals between the ages of 10 and 34. It is also the second-leading cause of death for individuals between the ages of 35 and 54. Third, it is the leading cause of death for individuals between the ages of 55 and 74. Finally, it is the third-leading cause of death for individuals 75 years old or older.
The table below shows the number of murders that have occurred in the United States since 1882. There have been more than 16 million murders in the history of the country.
Methodology: Data on murders come from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). They are based on reports from police departments around the country.