From 2011 to 2018, the number of homicides committed in France. In 2012 and 2013, the number of murders recorded was at its lowest. It has risen in subsequent years, reaching a peak of 951 murders in 2016 before decreasing to 951 homicides in 2018.
The rate of murder in France is high by international standards. There were approximately one murder per 100,000 people in France in 2011 and 2012, but this rose to one per 100 inhabitants in 2017. This puts France above most other European countries but below the United States.
In addition to reporting crimes that require police intervention, all citizens are obliged by law to report any crime they witness. Those who do not will be punished by up to three years in prison or a fine.
There are different types of homicide in France. About two-thirds of murders involve either the victim or the perpetrator being known to each other. The remaining third are unknown perpetrators. Among known victims, family members are most likely to kill themselves (44% of all family murders). Other common targets include friends or colleagues of the victim (16% of all murders), with neighbors, clients, and strangers each accounting for about 10%.
Murder rates vary between regions of France. They are highest in Paris where there were over 400 murders in 2008. This is more than in New York City but less than in Los Angeles.
When these are omitted, the number of homicides rises by 89 percent, from 606 to 695. The number of killings was at its highest since the fiscal year ended March 31, 2008, when 729 were reported. This marks the first time that more than 700 people have been killed in Chicago this decade.
Many factors contribute to the high rate of violence in Chicago, but a lack of economic opportunity, an overabundance of guns, and a breakdown in the criminal justice system that allow violent offenders to walk free are especially damaging. Only 3 out of 10 murders result in a conviction, and for those that do go to trial, only 3 out of 10 are convicted.
Crime has become such a problem that tourists avoid visiting some areas of town.
Rahm Emanuel took office as mayor in 2011, and although he has not reversed any of his predecessor's policies, he has been able to bring about changes through consensus building and cooperation with other agencies. For example, he has worked with state legislators to pass "safe city" laws that give police additional tools to combat crime.
In December 2012, President Obama visited Chicago for a campaign rally.
In 2018, there were 290 killings in Spain. Though the number of killings in Spain has fluctuated significantly in recent years, it has tended to decline from 1999 to 2018, peaking at 290 in 2018.
The death rate in Spain is lower than that of most other European countries. In 2018, there were 1.5 million deaths in Europe, and the death rate was 9.6 per 100,000 people. Of these, around 280,000 were in Spain.
The majority of murders in Spain are committed with guns, especially handguns. From 1980 to 1998, more than half of all homicides were gun-related. Since then this ratio has been decreasing because of stronger controls on gun ownership.
There have been efforts to reduce violence over the years, but they have not been successful. The murder rate in Spain is still very high.
Overview The anticipated number of killings in the country in 2013 was 14,196. This was a 4.4 percent drop from the 2012 forecast, a 7.8 percent drop from 2009, and a 12.1 percent drop from 2004. There were 4.5 homicides for per 100,000 inhabitants. Men were killed at twice the rate as women: 10,119 men and 4,077 women.
The majority of murders occurred within family members or friends (57 percent). Another 20 percent of murders involved neighbors or other acquaintances. Only 13 percent of murders were committed by people who were not relatives or friends. Of these impersonal crimes, 2 percent were committed by employees of the victim's company and another 1 percent by customers or others unknown to the victim.
The most common method of killing was with a knife (28 percent), followed by gun (26 percent) and hammer (10 percent). The use of force varied by age group: adults over 25 years old were most likely to be killed by a firearm (44 percent), while younger people were more likely to be stabbed to death (39 percent under 18). Children under five were most often killed by blunt objects (46 percent).
Homicide is the leading cause of death for individuals between the ages of 15 and 24. It is also the second-leading cause of death for individuals between the ages of 10 and 14, and of 5 and 9.