According to the broadcaster, there were 774 killings in 2018 and 650 in 2019, however the number in London increased. The capital had 149 murders, the greatest number in more than a decade, compared to 133 the previous year, while Liverpool experienced a halving of the number, from 21 to 10. There have been nine homicides in the city this year.
Murders have occurred since 1580 but the crime scene was not preserved for future generations. Therefore, it is difficult to identify exactly who did what, when they did it, or how they were connected to one another. However, thanks to modern technology, some clues are provided by police investigators. For example, officers may use DNA evidence to connect crimes together or firearms experts may determine that different guns were used during separate incidents.
In England and Wales, murder is defined as the unlawful killing of one human being by another. It is divided into two categories: felony and misdemeanor. If the murderer intended to kill or injure someone else at the time of the act, then it is classified as intentional homicide. If not, then it is considered negligent homicide. Contributory negligence can reduce or remove criminal responsibility if the victim also played a role in the incident, such as by failing to give way at a traffic light or not looking before getting on to a bus.
The number of homicides reported to the Metropolitan Police in London between 2010/11 and 2019/20.
|Number of murders recorded|
In the fiscal year ending March 2020, the police recorded 683 homicides in England and Wales (excluding Greater Manchester Police 1), a 10% rise (from 623) over the previous year. This is the highest number since 2001 when 762 people were killed.
The number of women killed was higher than that of men for the first time since 1971. Women made up 47% of all homicide victims. Men were mainly killed with a knife or gun (82%). Women were more likely to be killed by someone they knew (35%).
Young people make up a large proportion of all homicide victims. In 2019, there were an estimated 4,000 young people (aged 15-24) involved in violence, not including youth crime. This is about one in 100 adults. The most common form of violence they are involved in is interpersonal violence, such as bullying or fighting (78%). About one in five (19%) are victims of murder.
There has been increased concern about female homicide rates especially among younger women. Between 2009 and 2019, the age-adjusted female homicide rate fell by 26%. However, this does not reflect how often women are killed. While overall male homicide rates have fallen, those who are young, black, or living in poverty have seen no change or even increased risk of death at the hands of another person.
In 2020, more than 160 individuals were killed in the seven cities. While some of the cases have been solved, investigators said that some families are still looking for answers. Portsmouth Police said they probed 34 killings in the city, a more than 50 percent rise from the previous year.
The number of murders in each city is shown in the table below. There has been a sharp increase in homicides in several large cities across the country.
Source: The Washington Post - Crime
When these are omitted, the number of homicides rises by 89 percent, from 606 to 695. The number of killings was at its highest since the fiscal year ended March 31, 2008, when 729 were reported. This marks the first time that more than 700 people have been killed in Chicago this century.
Many factors contribute to the high rate of violence in Chicago, but a lack of economic opportunity, an over-stretched police force, and open housing laws that encourage segregation by income level and prevent people from moving away all contribute to the problem. In addition, there has been widespread corruption within the Chicago Police Department (CPD) for many years now, with some officers taking payments from drug dealers to ignore their activities.
Crime has always been common in Chicago, but it became much more so after the city abandoned its "zero tolerance" policy toward drugs, leading to a surge in the number of addicts requiring treatment. The lack of long-term care facilities means that many drug users lie in bed all day waiting for their next dose, which can lead to infection, overdose, or murder. Between 2004 and 2008 alone, more than 600 people have died as a result of overdosing on heroin or other opioids.
Between 2018-19 and 2019-20, the number of homicide cases registered by police in Scotland grew by 3% (or two cases), from 62 to 64. Since 1976, the first year for which comparable data is available, this is one of the lowest numbers of documented homicide cases for a single twelve-month period.
The majority of homicide victims in Scotland are male, with almost 80% of all deaths being male. Around 15% of homicide victims can be identified as female. Of these females, most were murdered by their partners or former partners.
Almost half of all homicide victims had a known previous connection to the scene of the crime, while one in five was a stranger to the person who killed them. Almost one in three homicide victims had a mental health issue at the time they were killed.
Homicide is the leading cause of death for people under 35 years old. One in four murders in Scotland is committed by someone who has a history of violence against others. Nearly half of all murder victims knew their killer.
In 99% of cases where there is a suspect, they are arrested and charged with murder within 60 days. However, due to lack of evidence some suspects are never charged or acquitted.
The maximum sentence for murder is life imprisonment.