In 2019–20, Glasgow City was home to little under a fifth (12) of the 64 nationwide documented homicide cases (Table 2). In 2019–20, 64 murder victims were registered, which is 2% (one victim) higher than the 63 victims recorded in 2018–19. (Table 1).
The number of homicides in Glasgow has fluctuated over the past few decades, with peaks in 1992–93 and 2001–02 and a low in 2008–09. The current rate of violence is comparable to that of ten years ago, when there were also 64 murders reported.
Glasgow has one of the highest rates of gun crime in the UK. One in five murders involve a firearm. In 2019–20, there were 31 guns seized by police during operations. This is the same level as in 1998–99 but less than at any other time on record.
The number of people arrested for homicide has decreased over the past few years. In 2019–20, there were 62 arrests made. This is a reduction of more than half since 2009–10 when there were 133 arrests.
In conclusion, Glasgow's rate of violence is similar to that of ten years ago but with fewer people arrested for homicide.
In 2019–20, Glasgow City had the most homicide cases (12), accounting for 19% of the total in Scotland (Table 2). In comparison to its population, Glasgow City has a greater rate of murders (with 12 percent of the Scottish population in 2019). London had the second highest number of homicides (11) among UK cities. Belfast had the lowest rate of homicides (1.5 per 100,000 people).
The table shows that Glasgow has been leading the way in terms of murder rates for several years now. However, it should be noted that this figure is based on estimates from police recorded crimes. There have been reports of crimes that have not been reported to police officers.
Glasgow has one of the largest Asian populations in Europe (10%). According to some studies, Asians experience higher rates of violence than other ethnic groups. This may be one reason why they account for a large proportion of the city's homicides.
Other factors include the use of alcohol and drugs, which can lead to violent behavior. Intimate partner violence also plays a role: women in Glasgow are more likely to be killed by their partners than women in any other British city except London.
Overall, Glasgow has one of the highest rates of violence in Europe. The city needs to do more to prevent homicides by taking measures such as reducing drug abuse and controlling access to guns.
Between 2018-19 and 2019-20, the number of homicide cases registered by police in Scotland grew by 3% (or two cases), from 62 to 64. Since 1976, the first year for which comparable data is available, this is one of the lowest numbers of documented homicide cases for a single twelve-month period.
The majority of homicide victims in Scotland are male, with almost 80% of all deaths being men. Of the 64 homicide cases recorded in 2019, 59 were men and 5 were women. The average age of a homicide victim was 40 years old, with ages ranging from 16 to 75.
Of the 64 homicide cases recorded in 2019, 30 occurred in Glasgow, with a further 24 incidents reported from Edinburgh. Within Scotland's largest city, 51% of murders took place in either the north side or the south side of the city. Across Scotland as a whole, 60% of murders took place in only seven of the eight Scottish Police Authority regions. The remaining region did not report any homicides.
In terms of ethnicity, 63% of homicide victims were white, 13% black, 10% Asian and 4% other. Two in three victims were known to the victim personally, while one in five were not. Around one in ten homicide victims were under 18 years old, and around one in twenty were over 65.
The most common method of killing was with a knife (46%), followed by a gun (26%).