According to Maj. Gen. Marni Marcos, Director of the Directorate for Investigation and Detective Management (DIDM), the national overall crime volume fell by 39.51 percent in 2020, from 68,214 instances in 2019 to 41,269 cases in 2020. Murder was one of the offenses that saw an increase during this period.
There were 1,017 murder cases reported in the Philippines in 2020, a 6.5 percent rise from 984 in 2019. This is the first increase since 2012 when there was a 3.4 percent rise in murders. The number of murdered women increased by 5.3 percent while those killed during robberies rose 16.2 percent. There were also increases in incidents of kidnapping and extortion. These trends were observed across all police districts that made up the National Capital Region.
The city of Manila had the highest number of murders at 462 in 2020, followed by Metro Manila's suburban district of Navotas with 139 cases. Each of the remaining districts of the NCR had more than 100 murders each.
The majority of the victims were men with a median age of 40. Violence against women increased by 20 percent in 2020 compared to the previous year. The most common weapon used in murders was firearms which accounted for 95 percent of all cases.
The Philippines has one of the highest rates of firearm ownership in the world.
Overview The anticipated number of killings in the country in 2013 was 14,196. This was a 4.4 percent drop from the 2012 forecast, a 7.8 percent drop from 2009, and a 12.1 percent drop from 2004. There were 4.5 homicides for per 100,000 inhabitants. Men were killed at twice the rate as women (male:female ratio of 2 to 1). Ages 15 to 24 accounted for one-quarter of all murders. Most murderers were male, aged 25 to 44. The largest percentage increases since 2004 were found in California, Florida, and Texas. The biggest decreases were found in Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine.
Forecast To convert this trend to another year, multiply the estimated number of murders by 1.05. This is the average increase or decrease observed in recent years. For example, if the actual number of murders is expected to be lower than forecast, then the estimated number should also be lower than forecast.
Methodology The government's official estimate is obtained from a compilation of data submitted by police departments across the country. Each report includes information on the number of crimes reported by city and state. These figures are combined with estimates of the population size for each state provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. The resulting estimate is then adjusted upward or downward based on statistical methods developed by the FBI to account for errors and omissions found in reports from some cities and states.
The National Capital Region, which is highly urbanized, has the highest level of crime of any region in the country. In 2018, the region's average monthly crime rate was roughly 90 per 100,000 residents. According to a recent study, the most common crimes in the Philippines were stealing and bodily harm. The national crime rate is low compared with other countries but the rate of violence against women is high.
There are several factors that may be leading to higher rates of crime in the NCR. One is the concentration of poor communities with no access to public services near rich neighborhoods where crime can go unreported or unpunished. Another factor is the use of social media by criminals as a way to reach out to each other and find jobs. Finally, there are ongoing debates about the effectiveness of police reforms adopted over the past few years, such as the dismissal of police chiefs and the creation of new positions without adequate training.
Crime in the Philippines has been on the rise since 2015. The number of homicides has increased by 20 percent while the rate of crime overall has decreased because rates for many types of offenses have risen. Property crime rates are now at their highest level since 2008. There have been reports of women being murdered over money or drugs. Other forms of violence against women have also increased. LGBT+ people face discrimination and abuse even within the criminal justice system.
16,425 The predicted number of murders in the country in 2019 was 16,425. This was a 0.3 percent rise over the 2018 projection, a 3.4 percent increase over 2015, and an 11.6 percent increase over 2010. The murder rate had been declining for more than a decade before it started to rise again in 2016.
The majority of murders are committed with guns, so this year's report on gun violence will be particularly relevant as Congress considers legislation to reduce the number of deaths due to firearms.
Murders can be classified by race, with blacks being killed at about three times the rate of whites. However, when you account for their lower percentage of the population it turns out that whites experience almost twice as many homicides as blacks. Hispanics are murdered at a rate between blacks and whites.
In addition to these race-based differences, cities also have different rates of crime. The most dangerous cities in America are large metropolitan areas with populations over 500,000 people. These are where you find cities like Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York.
Crime rates vary across the country, with states like Texas and Florida having very few murders or other crimes against property. By contrast, states like California and Illinois have some of the highest rates of crime.
Finally, there are differences between cities within states.
The number of killings, attempted murders, and cyberattacks reported by police increased in 2019. Except for the Liberec area in the northwest and the Zlin region in the southeast, the crime rate climbed in all regions. There were 143 attempted and murder cases in total, 27 more than in 2018. The increase was especially high - 92 percent - in crimes against the person.
Murder is punishable by death in Czech law. The penalty for murder depends on the motive for the killing; it can be reduced to manslaughter if the killer acted under the influence of extreme mental stress. Executioners are available to carry out the sentence.
In 2019, there were a total of 173 murders reported by police across the country. This is an increase of eight deaths compared with 2018 but only the second highest figure since 2007 when there were 179 homicides reported. In 2003, there were 200 murders recorded so this year's figure is already low relative to past years.
There have been no official reports of people being murdered in Czech prisons but according to local media, inmates sometimes kill fellow prisoners either for money or because they feel threatened. In January 2020, it was reported that an inmate had been killed at the Tazová Prison near Prague.
Prisons are administered separately from the mainstream justice system and do not have their own police force. Security is provided by staff members who are usually former criminals themselves who are paid based on performance-related bonuses.