According to Wagner, about a million individuals were recorded as inmates in the camps, and nearly a million perished while there. The exact number of deaths is not known but is estimated at between 600,000 and 800,000.
The vast majority of inmates were civilians caught up in Nazi persecution policies. They included Jews who were deprived of their rights as citizens; ethnic minorities such as communists, homosexuals, and dissidents of various kinds; and people with physical or mental disabilities.
Inmates also included foreign nationals of many different nationalities, including Europeans who were captured by German forces. In addition, there are reports that Japanese nationals were captured and held in concentration camps after being invaded by Japan in 1942. The numbers of inmates of these two groups have never been confirmed, but they are included in the overall estimate.
Children under the age of 17 at the time of their arrest were placed in separate facilities called "Kindergarten Camps". They received education from teachers trained specifically for this task and had access to health care professionals.
After the end of World War II, the remaining inmates were tried by military courts. Estimates range from 10,000 to 20,000 people died in these trials.
During Nazi Germany's existence, more than 1,000 concentration camps (including subcamps) were created, with around 1.65 million individuals recorded as inmates in the camps at one point. Around 4 million people are estimated to have been detained in total during the Holocaust.
Concentration camps were prisons where large numbers of people were held indefinitely without trial. They were established by the Nazis in occupied countries across Europe during World War II.
The most well-known camp is Auschwitz in Poland; other major camps include Dachau, Mauthausen, Natzweiler-Strasshof, Ravensbrück, and Sobibór. There also were several smaller camps such as Emslandlager and Neuengamme. Some prisoners were kept in jails or other facilities before being transferred to camps. For example, Jews were first sent to ghettos before being transported to camps like Majdanek and Treblinka.
In addition to these main camps, there were also subcamps of Auschwitz, Birkenau, and other locations that served specifically different purposes. For example, there was a subcamp of Auschwitz called "Birkenau", which was used for executing people. Also, there were special units within some of the larger camps that handled certain types of prisoners.
At the close of World War II, the United States had prisoner-of-war camps, comprising 175 branch camps servicing 511 area camps and housing over 425,000 prisoners of war (mostly German).
The number of POWs held by the US is estimated to be between 200,000 and 450,000. China holds about 4 million Japanese records showing that Japan held approximately 670,000 Koreans and 150,000 Chinese civilians during WWII.
In addition, there are estimates that up to 1 million people were imprisoned in Germany after being declared "enemies of the state" without trial. Many were sent to concentration camps where they would remain until their deaths; others were worked to death at Nazi labor camps.
During the Vietnam War, 5 million people were displaced from their homes. In 1995, it was reported that 11 million people were living as refugees or internally displaced persons worldwide. Of this total, 4 million were refugees and 7 million were internal migrants.
Refugees are individuals who are forced to leave their home because of violence or persecution such as war, terrorism, natural disasters, etc. Internal migrants are people who move from one part of a country to another for personal reasons such as looking for better employment opportunities or finding more affordable housing.
In Nazi detention camps, between 140,000 and 500,000 Soviet prisoners of war perished or were executed. The majority of those executed were shot, although others were gassed.
The exact number of deaths is unknown because no accurate records were kept by the Nazis. Estimates range from 140,000 to 500,000. The most common figure is that about 200,000 people lost their lives in these camps.
There are several reasons why estimates are so high. First, there is no way of knowing how many prisoners survived the ordeal of incarceration only to die later from disease or starvation. Second, some prisoners may have committed suicide rather than endure further captivity. And third, many bodies were burned after death in attempts to conceal evidence of murder.
According to one estimate, a total of 1.5 million people died in Soviet prison camps. Another estimate puts the total at 2.5 million.
Almost without exception, these figures are based on estimates for just one camp system-that run by the Germans under the name "Konzentrationslager (KL)." In fact, there were several such systems operating simultaneously during the war years; estimates include prisoners from all of them.
At its peak, the Gulag consisted of hundreds of camps, with each camp housing 2,000–10,000 convicts. The majority of these camps were "corrective labor colonies," where convicts felled trees, worked on general construction projects (such as canal and railroad construction), or worked in mines. However, some larger camps also included a town called a "kolhoz" where workers lived and received paychecks. Each colony had its own police force and court system.
In addition to working conditions, what other reasons might have caused someone to be arrested and put into gulag prison? There are several reasons that individuals might be arrested and placed into gulags for state-sanctioned imprisonment including: political dissent against the government; violations of Soviet civil law; crimes committed during wartime; and religious beliefs or practices. Political dissidents included those who protested government policies through nonviolent means as well as those who participated in illegal activities such as espionage or terrorism. Under Stalin's rule, many people were arrested and charged with treason because they were believed to oppose or criticize the Communist Party or the government. These individuals could then be sentenced to death by hanging or sent to a gulag for life imprisonment.
Gulags served two main purposes under Stalin's rule: to punish serious criminal offenses and to provide forced labor for important projects around the country and world. Convicts performed hard labor such as mining, logging, street cleaning, and construction work.
During this time, an estimated 18 million people were imprisoned in the Gulag. While figures are hazy, it is estimated that 1.5 million of the 26 million gulag inmates plus exiled "special settlers" and labor colonists (typically child detention institutions) died during these years. The majority of deaths were due to starvation, disease, or physical abuse.
These figures do not include those killed by Stalin's regime during its "purges". Historian John J. Pitney estimates that one-third of all higher government officials were removed from their posts between 1932 and 1953.
Stalin's Great Purge was a series of political executions carried out by the State Security Council (GUGB) of the USSR between 1936 and 1953. It was intended as a massive overhaul of the Soviet administration, removing most of Stalin's political opponents from positions of power. However, even after Stalin's death in 1953, the purge continued under Nikita Khrushchev and other leaders who succeeded him. An estimated 200,000 people were killed during the Great Purge.
In conclusion, the number of people imprisoned in the Gulag system during Joseph Stalin's rule is estimated to be around 2 million.