According to the State Police Chief, 225 terrorists would be killed in Jammu and Kashmir by 2020. The estimate is based on an average of past deaths.
Terrorism has been a constant threat to India's security. In Jammu and Kashmir, it has become a way of life for most people. The violence has taken so many forms over the years - from bombings to shootings - that it is difficult to come up with a single number that represents its overall cost. However, it is clear that the terrorism burden is having a severe impact on the economy. Investors are reluctant to bring projects to the state due to safety concerns, which has resulted in unemployment spreading across society.
In response to the violence, the Indian government has taken several steps to curb it. One such measure has been the revocation of the special status given to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 of the Constitution, which had granted the region a separate identity within the country. The decision was not popular with all residents of the state, who protested against it through street rallies and clashes with police. There have also been reports of unrest in various parts of the state following the announcement.
The number of incidents of violence has declined since their peak in 2016.
According to them, there are presently around 270 terrorists operating in Jammu and Kashmir, with 205 of them based in the Kashmir Valley. In 2019, there were 421 active terrorists in Jammu and Kashmir, with more than 300 expected in 2020. In the year 2020, 225 terrorists were killed. According to the report, up to 160 terrorists were killed in 2019 and 257 in 2018. Around 30% of those killed were below 25 years old.
The number of civilians who have been killed during the conflict is estimated to be between 100 and 400. The vast majority of deaths have occurred during militant attacks. There have also been reports of mass graves being discovered, which contain the remains of unidentified victims.
Kashmir has been at the heart of a long-standing dispute between India and Pakistan. India claims that Kashmir is an internal affair and calls their citizens to take part in elections held in the region. However, Pakistan asserts that Kashmir is a disputed territory and requires a military intervention for its annexation.
India's occupation of Kashmir has been criticized by many countries including China, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Indian authorities have accused Pakistan of providing support to terrorist groups in order to destabilize India. Pakistan denies this allegation saying that it only seeks peace with India.
There have been protests across India against the decision of the government to withdraw Kashmir's special status.
Terrorist activity was also observed in formerly tranquil districts south of the Pir Panjal range in the Jammu region in 2020, including Kistwar-Doda and Poonch, they stated. There have been reports of increased terrorist activity in Kashmir since August 2017 when India revoked its special status under Article 370 of the Constitution and began imposing restrictions on movement between the state and outside it.
There has been violence between protesters and police in Kashmir. Anti-India fighters have used weapons such as guns, bombs, and grenades to attack government forces and civilians they view as enemies of the state. The Indian government claims that all attacks are thwarted before they can happen, and calls upon residents to reject violence. Critics say this is a pretext used by India to suppress freedom of speech and assembly. There have been at least three hundred deaths due to violence since 1989, when India invaded and captured part of Kashmir from Pakistan.
Terrorism remains prevalent in Kashmir despite the presence of a security force that numbers more than 180,000 people. In 2019, more than 420 individuals were designated as terrorists by the Jammu and Kashmir Police Department, most of whom were affiliated with the Pakistani military or other armed groups.