Because there is no suitable or suggested method for cleaning and disinfecting disposable PPE, it is critical that these products not be used more than once, as this might represent an even greater danger. Workers should be advised that these products must be properly disposed of immediately after use. Disposal methods include burning (in a controlled environment), recycling, and burial.
PPE includes protective clothing, such as gloves, face masks, and protective eyewear. These items must be changed between patients to prevent spreading infection. Gloves should be changed when soiled, as should masks and other PPE. Employee exposure to blood and body fluids may lead to infections such as HIV and hepatitis B and C. Infected employees should be notified by their employer of any concerns about possible exposure to pathogens they may have spread.
In addition to patient care tasks, other activities may cause contact with blood and other bodily fluids, such as using a needle to inject medication into patients, handling biohazard materials, and working in environments where contamination may occur. Employees who have been exposed to blood-borne pathogens should be informed about the need to change clothes after each patient and advise their supervisor if they feel unwell.
There are different types of viruses that can be transmitted through contact with blood and other body fluids, such as HIV, Hepatitis A, B, and C, and Ebola.
When not in use, PPE must be properly cared for and kept, for example, in a dry, clean closet. If it is to be reused, it must be cleaned and maintained in good shape. Consider utilizing replacement parts that are compatible with the original, such as respirator filters.
PPE includes protective clothing (such as coveralls), gloves, hats, boots, and shields. These items must be stored properly to ensure their effectiveness. Coveralls and gloves should be washed at least once a month with warm water and detergent. Make sure to wash them inside out and put them away in a dry place. Glove boxes need to be checked regularly for lost or broken gloves, which should be reported to your supervisor.
Hats should be cleaned using a soft brush or hat cleaning kit before being placed back on their stands. Boots should be wiped down and scrubbed if they contain leather uppers. Shields should be inspected regularly for damage. If you find any tears in the fabric, replace the shield.
All PPE must be disposed of in an environmentally friendly way. For example, do not throw used protective clothing into the trash; instead, take it to a recycling center. Dispose of gloves by burning them (inside containers with lids) or disposing of them in a landfill. Do not pour hazardous materials into garbage bins!
PPE includes personal protective equipment.
Disposable PPE, unless contaminated, can be thrown of with normal garbage, ideally in a covered bin. A closed bin is one that has a fitting lid. When contaminated PPE is discarded, it should be placed in a closed container, preferably one that does not need to be handled to deposit infected PPE inside. This will help prevent further contamination of clean PPE.
Contaminated reusable PPE should be cleaned using hot water and detergent and then disposed of in the trash.
According to AIIMS recommendations, cleaning of PPE kits for reuse is presently not suggested, owing to concerns that it might compromise the effectiveness, particularly of the respirator. However, if cleaned using a detergent and dried at 60°C (140°F), then reused as per instructions, there should be no impact on their performance.
Reusing PP is thought to be safe. To recycle PP items, check with your local curbside recycling program to see if they are currently taking this material. To reduce your PP use, use reusable straws instead of plastic straws, reusable water bottles, and cloth diapers. If you do need to throw out food packaging, try to recycle it or donate it to a food bank.
Disposal of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
"It (reuse of PPE after sterilisation) is best avoided," VK Paul, member of NITI Aayog and head of a governmental commission to combat the COVID issue, said. Balram Bhargava, director general of the Indian Council of Medical Research, declined to give...
Clean and well-maintained PPE is essential for ensuring the effectiveness and appropriate operation of PPE and preventing the spread of diseases (such as pink eye and respiratory illnesses). Regularly cleaning PPE including gloves, masks and coats reduces the risk of contracting infections and delays the need to replace equipment.
PPE must be cleaned with a clean, lukewarm water and soap solution or disinfected with an approved disinfectant. Alcohol-based products are effective against bacteria that can cause illness from hand contact, but they will also destroy beneficial organisms such as yeast that help prevent allergies and other problems with our immune systems. Soap and water are a safe and effective way to clean PPE.
Disinfecting your PPE before you wear it first thing in the morning when your skin is clean reduces the chances of spreading infectious agents such as viruses and bacteria. You should wash your hands regularly and use alcohol-based hand rubs to avoid spreading germs.
In conclusion, cleaning and maintaining your personal protective equipment is important for its continued effectiveness at protecting you while performing your job. Soap and water are easy ways to keep PPE clean and usable, so consider adding these methods to your daily PPE care routine.