Uruguay is now experiencing the worst levels of instability and crime in its recent history. Since 2011, Uruguay's murder rate has been steadily increasing. The homicide rate that year was 5.8 homicides per 100,000 people. That number increased to 6.5 in 2012 and 2012 again saw the highest level of violence since 2001, with the murder rate reaching 7.0 victims per 100,000 people.
Crime in general is on the rise in Uruguay. There were nearly 70,000 robberies in 2013, a number that represents a 15 percent increase over 2012. At the same time, there were fewer arrests made under robbery charges — down 12 percent from 2012. The crime wave is being fueled by increased drug trafficking and gang activity.
There are several factors that may be leading to an increase in crime. The liberalization of gun laws has allowed for the widespread sale of firearms. This phenomenon has occurred as police efforts have focused on other crimes. There is also evidence that points to a rise in violent video games influencing young people to commit crimes.
Finally, poverty is growing in Uruguay. There are large disparities between rich and poor, with 20 percent of the population living below the poverty line.
To answer this question, we need to understand what crime means in Uruguay and how it relates to poverty.
Uruguay has seen a significant increase in crime since 2016, including armed robberies, carjackings, killings, vehicle break-ins, theft, home break-ins, and assaults. While the homicide rate has decreased marginally to 11.1 per 100,000 inhabitants, it remains among the highest in South America's southern cone.
Crime has become a public health issue in Uruguay. The government has taken action by increasing police officers on buses and trains, providing more detention facilities, and trying to reduce violence between gangs within cities. However, there is still much work to be done if Uruguay is to achieve its goal of becoming a crime-free country by 2021.
The penalty for most crimes in Uruguay is between 3 months and 5 years imprisonment, with possible extension to 10 years if there is a second offense. There are also fines ranging from U$S 300 to U$S 15,000 ($US 220 to $US 13,500). Imprisonment can also be substituted by community service or judicial confinement.
The National Police Department (DNP) is the sole agency responsible for law enforcement in Uruguay. It is divided into two main branches: the Highway Police and the City Police. Each department is led by a director who is usually appointed by the Minister of Security.
Brazil has a high frequency of both violent and non-violent crime. Brazil has a high rate of violent crimes such as robberies and homicides. According to the UNODC, Brazil's homicide rate is 30–35 homicides per 100,000 people, ranking it among the top 20 nations in terms of intentional homicide rate.
There are several dangerous places in brazil where you should not go alone at night including Rio de Janeiro's Copacabana beach, Ipanema Beach, and Leblon Beach; São Paulo's Americana district; and Brasília's federal district.
Brazil has a large number of homeless people living on the streets of major cities. This is due to the country's high unemployment rate (11% in 2015) that does not provide enough jobs for everyone who wants one.
The government estimates that there are about 6 million homeless people worldwide, but this figure is based on surveys conducted in rich countries only. There are no accurate figures for Brazil because homelessness is rarely considered a serious problem in most countries.
Finally, Brazil has some areas where you should not go with your car alone at night including downtown Rio de Janeiro during carnival time or other popular festivals; some parts of São Paulo city; and some regions in Brazil's north such as the Amazonian state of Pará.
Brazil is a stopover on worldwide drug routes. It is also a destination for drug trafficking organizations looking to move cocaine from South America to Europe.
Although Brazil has one of the lowest rates of firearm ownership in the world (0.3 guns per 1000 people), it has one of the highest rates of gun violence. The vast majority of firearms that are used to commit crimes in Brazil are from outside the country.
Almost half of all robberies in Rio de Janeiro involve a weapon, and almost 90 percent of these weapons are imported from outside Brazil. Most of these weapons come from Mexico, but they also come from Argentina, Belgium, Chile, France, Germany, Israel, Japan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Russia, Spain, Switzerland, Venezuela, and the United States.
Robberies and shootouts between drug gangs are common occurrences in Rio de Janeiro. In 2014, there were over 7,200 incidents reported to police, with 36 people killed. That number is likely to be a severe under-report because many crime scenes are vulnerable to contamination by drugs or gang violence.
The rate of robbery without violence is relatively low, at about 10 percent.