What exactly is state terrorism? It is comparable to non-state terrorism in that it involves politically, ideologically, or religiously motivated acts of violence against persons or organizations who are not involved in an armed war. The essential distinction is that the violence is carried out by governmental agents. State actors can be defined as all levels of government from local to international, including their subdivisions and agencies.
State actors are generally considered to be more powerful than non-state actors. This means they have greater resources at their disposal and can therefore conduct larger-scale attacks. State actors are also more likely to use violence as a tool for policy change because they have the ability to cause widespread disruption which may help them achieve their political goals.
Non-state actors are groups or individuals who do not hold power within an organization but who may be influential through their support of one group or party vs another. Non-state actors cannot carry out large-scale attacks on their own but can challenge the authority of state actors by publicly criticizing them or refusing to cooperate with them. For example, terrorist groups such as ETA in Spain or Sinn Féin in Ireland have used violence to draw attention to their causes but do not have the resources to carry out large-scale attacks.
Does terrorism always involve violence? No, terrorism also includes any act intended to intimidate people by making them fear for their safety or that of others.
Government backing for violent non-state actors involved in terrorism is referred to as state-sponsored terrorism. State sponsors can support terrorist organizations in a variety of ways, including but not limited to funding, training, giving weapons, and hosting groups within their borders. Iran is one example of a state sponsor of terror. It supports Shiite militant groups that are engaged in violence against civilians in Iraq and elsewhere.
Terrorism is defined as the use of violence by a group to achieve its goals through fear. State terrorism involves the use of force or threat of force by a government to promote an ideological goal. This type of terrorism is used by governments to maintain their power and suppress opposition to their policies.
State-sponsored terrorism is a form of domestic terrorism that occurs when a state supports or directs non-state actors to commit acts of violence. State sponsorship can take many forms, such as providing funds, material support, or safe havens while simultaneously denouncing the actions of the terrorist group. Iran is known to support Shiite militant groups that engage in violence against civilians in Iraq and elsewhere. However, it is also true to say that some of these groups have executed attacks inside Iran. Hezbollah is a Lebanese political party and military organization that has received significant support from Iran. The group's primary mission is to protect Iranian interests in Lebanon and to spread Shia Islam around the world. It is considered a terrorist group by the United States because of its links to Iran.
Terrorism is defined as the unlawful use of force or violence against people or property in order to frighten or compel a government or its populace into pursuing specific political or social goals. Domestic and international terrorism are usually recognized by law enforcement. Individuals or groups that engage in acts of terroristic violence are called terrorists.
In law, terrorism is defined as the criminal use of violence or threats of violence to instill fear in order to achieve political aims. The use of violence for such purposes is strictly prohibited under universal human rights laws, including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
The UN General Assembly has declared 21 February as World Peace Day because it believes that "one of the best ways to keep peace is through education". The theme for this year's event is "Education for Sustainable Development".
On 9 July 2005, a terrorist attack destroyed parts of London's transport system, killing 52 people and injuring more than 700. The aim of the attacks was to cause maximum damage with minimum effort. These bombings were planned and carried out by four men who were inspired by al-Qaeda and claimed responsibility via the internet. One of the four killed himself after the first bomb went off. Another was found guilty of murder and sentenced to life in prison while the other two remain at large.