Organized crime is only one of various types of organized criminal action. White-collar crime, for example, is connected to and overlaps with organized crime, and the definition in the Organized Crime Convention provides for the capture of many cases of white-collar crime. However, while black-market activity and violence are important aspects of both blue- and white-collar crime, they are not the main focus of investigation or prosecution for these offenses.
In fact, law enforcement agencies tend to use different strategies for investigating and prosecuting blue- and white-collar crimes. For example, police departments often have specialized units to handle white-collar crime investigations (such as fraud or cybercrime), while blue-collar crimes are generally investigated by community policing officers or other members of regular patrol squads.
Furthermore, while all criminals benefit from an environment free of sanctions, only those who operate within the context of organized crime would be considered to be engaging in white-collar crime.
Finally, while blue- and white-collar criminals may share an interest in avoiding arrest, punishment, and incarceration, this is not always the case. For example, an employee who engages in white-collar crime to avoid losing his job would be acting solely out of self-interest and would not be protected by any form of moral authority such as religion or politics.
Organized crime is a term used to describe global, national, or local groups of highly centralized companies controlled by criminals to participate in illicit activities, most often for profit. Some criminal organizations, such as terrorist organizations, are motivated by politics. Other organizations may be motivated by religion (such as the mafia). Yet other organizations may be motivated solely by power and control (such as the Chinese Communist Party).
Criminal organizations can be any size from small gangs that operate alone to large networks of people involved in different aspects of the crime world. No single definition of organized crime has been agreed upon by all parties interested in the topic. However, many definitions include some combination of the following characteristics: a leader who makes decisions and others obey; a system where members know what role they will play; contracts or agreements that bind members to secrecy; a common purpose or goal; and education or training for members.
There are many types of crimes that involve elements of organization. Examples include drug trafficking, prostitution, human trafficking, weapons trafficking, fraud, cybercrime, and extortion. Many of these crimes have become major industries where there is room for multiple players. There also exist non-criminal organizations that use some type of coercion to get people to do their bidding, such as political organizations like gangs or terrorists.
Both entailed unlawful actions carried out through businesses. The major distinction between the two is that white-collar criminals attempt to benefit from regular enterprises in a nonviolent manner, whereas organized crime seeks earnings through unlawful operations and usually uses physical intimidation and violence.
Some examples of white-collar crimes are embezzlement, fraud, forgery, bribery, misuse of power, and violation of privacy laws. Examples of organized crime include drug trafficking, gambling, and prostitution.
Another important factor to consider is that while white-collar criminals aim to defraud their victims, members of an organized crime group seek to obtain money or products by using force or threat of force.
Yet another difference between white-collar and organized criminal groups is that the former rarely commit suicide. They tend to be more proactive in seeking rehabilitation than the latter which often includes inmates who have made a name for themselves within the prison community.
Finally, white-collar criminals usually have legal obligations such as taxes to file or debts to pay. In contrast, members of an organized crime group may have agreements with other criminals or gang members not to harm them when they are imprisoned or dead.
In conclusion, white-collar criminals try to benefit from regular businesses in a nonviolent manner. While organized crime seeks earnings through unlawful operations and usually uses physical intimidation and violence.
The origins of organized crime as we know it today—a collection of individuals working together to earn wealth via unlawful and often violent means—can be traced back to the 1800s street gangs. Members of the gang departed to join other gangs or form competing groups. This ongoing competition led to increased violence between these organized crime groups, which in turn created a need for security guards and enforcers. These individuals were known as "hit men" or "witnesses." They used physical force and illegal tactics to protect their communities.
Today, organized crime continues to grow along with the drug trade. Drug cartels use their money to buy off officials who can help them avoid law enforcement attention. They also use force when necessary to keep others from competing with them for profits. These are just two examples of how organized crime groups operate. There are many more including cybercrime, human trafficking, and white-collar crime.
Organized crime is a community organizer that brings together people from different backgrounds who might not work together otherwise. They provide its members with security and protection while sharing information about law enforcement activities. By doing this, they can increase their chances of avoiding arrest and prosecution.
There are three main types of organized crime: mafia, syndicates, and clans. The first two include various names because there are many different organizations that fall under these categories.
This group rose to prominence and became involved in a variety of activities, including politics. These gang members were usually from Italian-American communities and they would use their power to protect their interests.
In the years that followed, other ethnic groups began to organize into criminal enterprises. For example, Jewish mobsters emerged in New York City during this time period and they used their influence to control prostitution, gambling, and extortion.
In the 1930s, various organizations that were involved in drug trafficking started to merge their efforts with those of the existing gang world. This merging of gangs had several effects. First of all, it provided these groups with much-needed resources that allowed them to expand their operations. It also created an atmosphere where violence was accepted as part of daily life, which helped these criminals attract new members.
During World War II, many illegal activities were conducted on a large scale by gangs who needed money to fund their lifestyles. The government took action against these groups by creating special police units designed to combat organized crime. However, once the war ended, these police units were disbanded and nothing was done to stop the merging of gangs or to remove the leaders from their positions. This allowed them to continue their criminal activities unchecked.
The phrase "organized crime" was originally used by members of the Chicago Crime Commission, a civic group founded in 1919 by industrialists, bankers, and attorneys to urge improvements in the criminal justice system in order to better deal with the crime problem. The commission argued that current laws were not sufficient to stop criminals from exploiting loopholes and engaging in black market activity. As a result, they proposed changes to make sure that the most serious offenders were held accountable. These recommendations became the basis for the Criminal Code of 1920.
After World War II, as large industries began to move toward greater automation and labor shortages emerged, demand increased for illegal immigrants who would work under substandard conditions for low wages. The resulting flood of money into the American economy created an environment favorable to further exploitation by other criminals. It also provided funds for new organizations that had no interest in following the law. Al Capone is often cited as the first true "boss" of organized crime, but he was only one of many who contributed to the growth of the industry.
Today, organized crime has become so powerful that some experts believe it is responsible for more violence than drug trafficking or gun running. The influence of organized crime can be seen in all parts of society, not just on the street; it can be found in the boardrooms of major corporations, in the offices of government officials, and in the home kitchens of average Americans.