You will be categorized as a Cat B prisoner if you are being held on remand. After a while in jail, you may be designated as a lower profile prisoner and sent to Category C, which is characterized as "those who cannot be trusted in open settings but are unlikely to attempt to escape."
Category B status means that you are waiting trial or sentencing after being found guilty of a crime. When you first arrive at prison, they will ask you many questions about where you want to go to school and work, who your parents are, if you have any siblings, etc. They will also want to know what type of cell you would like (if there is something specific you want, like a view or access to free time), what level of security you require, and how much money you have with you (the amount varies by facility). Once they understand more about you, your case, and the community you come from, they will be able to recommend an appropriate placement.
In some cases, it may be possible to get released on bail while you wait for your court date. If this is the case for you, the police officer who writes up your bail document will be able to choose whether to put you in Category B or C. Category C prisoners can usually be released without supervision, but those in Category B must either be released under home confinement or detained in a secure facility until their trial or sentencing.
Prisoners are assigned a security level based on their likelihood of causing harm to other inmates and prison employees. At any moment, a prisoner may be moved to another jail with a different security category. The decision to move someone up or down in security depends on several factors including but not limited to the type of crime committed, the number of times they have been convicted of a crime, whether they have any history of violence, and what position they hold within the inmate population.
In general, prisoners who pose a risk to staff or others can be placed in protective custody. Protective custody status means that the prisoner is locked up alone in a single cell for most of his or her time at the facility. This status is usually reserved for those prisoners who have been identified as victims of abuse or threats or who are witnesses to other incidents involving violence.
Those prisoners who do not qualify for protective custody may be placed in administrative segregation. In this case, the prisoner is still housed in a general population cell but he or she is given restricted access to outdoor exercise for one-on-one supervision by a guard. Administrative segregation often follows an incident in which the prisoner has been found not guilty by reason of insanity or was deemed too dangerous to remain in the general population despite having no record of violence.
Category A convicts are individuals who would represent the greatest risk to the public, the police, or national security if they escaped. The security arrangements in category A jails are intended to make escape impossible for these inmates. They include isolation cells, double and triple layers of security fencing, surveillance cameras, and guards with access to tasers and pepper spray.
Category B prisoners are those who have been sentenced to less than seven years' imprisonment. Category C prisoners are those who may not be considered dangerous under normal circumstances but who require special supervision because of their history of violence or other serious misconduct. Category D prisoners are those who cannot be held in any facility within the state system and therefore must be transferred to federal prisons.
Prisoners can become category status after being convicted of a crime that carries a sentence of life imprisonment or death. Individuals who commit particularly heinous crimes may also become category status after their appeals have been exhausted. Finally, a prime minister can declare a person category A under emergency powers.
The decision to place an individual in category A status is made by a panel of government officials who review the evidence presented by the prison administration. This includes information about the inmate's past criminal record, current mental state, and potential threat to public safety if released.
People who are category A confined do not have regular visits from family members or friends.
Categorization B These are either local or training facilities. Local prisons house inmates who are brought immediately from their local court (sentenced or on remand), whereas training prisons contain long-term and high-security offenders.
In addition to state prisons, federal prisons also fall under this category: these are maximum security institutions that house only men or only women. The United States Penitentiary, Marion is an example of a federal prison.
Prison systems around the world follow a similar pattern: most countries have one or more state prisons where people convicted of crime are sent before they are released on parole or given back their freedom. A few countries have a single large prison where people are held before and after they are sentenced. This is called "pre-trial detention".
In addition to this there are two other types of prisons: juvenile detention centers and work camps. Juvenile detention centers are prisons that house people under 18 years old who have been arrested by police officers or prosecutors and charged with crimes. They usually hold boys between the ages of 11 and 17. Young girls are often held separately from boys of similar age in facilities for female juveniles. Work camps are prisons that house adults who have been convicted of crime but who are not sent to jail after their sentences end.