The Seven Types of Elder Abuse Physical adversity Sexual exploitation Emotional or psychological exploitation Neglect. Abandonment Financial exploitation Self-neglect.
Elder abuse can occur in any type of relationship, including between an older person and a family member, friend, caretaker, or community member. The abused individual may be a man or a woman, but most often it is a frail elderly person who is unable to protect himself or herself from harm. Sometimes elder abusers take advantage of their position of power and trust to commit crimes; other times they simply act out their feelings of anger and resentment toward their victim. No matter what causes an elder abuser to act as he or she does, the results are always the same: injury or death for the elderly person.
Physical elder abuse includes acts such as hitting, kicking, or otherwise physically harming an elderly person. This type of abuse can be done by anyone who has access to an elderly person's body, such as family members or caregivers. Even those who have not been given permission to touch the elderly person may do so if they believe that it will make them feel powerful or help them avoid feeling pain themselves.
The National Center on Elder Abuse differentiates seven categories of elder abuse. Physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, financial/material exploitation, neglect, abandonment, and self-neglect are examples of these. Within each category, there are many forms of abuse that can occur.
Physical abuse involves the use of physical force or violence to physically harm or frighten an older person. This may include hitting, kicking, or pushing an older person. The abuser may also use his or her body as a weapon to keep the victim locked up or restrained in a room or other place. Physical abuse can be either open or hidden. Open physical abuse is seen by others who might intervene to prevent further abuse. Hidden physical abuse takes place behind closed doors or in isolated places where it is unlikely that other people will see what is happening. The abuser may cover the signs of injury with clothing or lie about them being hurt in order to conceal this type of behavior.
Sexual abuse involves any sexual act or contact done without consent from an older person. This can be either verbal or physical. It can also involve the threat of harm if the victim does not comply with an abuser's request. Sexual abuse can be done through force, intimidation, or deception. An abuser may claim that the victim invited the abuse by being sexually provocative or by failing to protect himself or herself against it.
For more basic information, see Elder Abuse Overview, and for symptoms and warning indications, see Signs of Elder Abuse. Abuse of the Body Abuse of Emotions/Psychology Abuse of Sexual Nature Neglect. Self-Neglect Exploitation, either financial or material. Abandonment.
Elder abuse is a problem in all societies, but it is especially common among the elderly because their physical strength is diminished and they are vulnerable to injury and illness. It can be done by anyone who has authority over an older person, such as a spouse, child, or caretaker. The person committing the abuse may intend to harm the victim, but also may do so without any intention of doing so. In addition, abuse can be committed by omission, when a caregiver fails to meet a need that should have been provided with respect to food, shelter, security, or medical care. This failure to meet needs can be due to negligence or indifference.
The three main forms of elder abuse are:? Physical abuse involves the use of physical force or violence against someone who is aging or who appears old enough to be able to be abused physically. This could include hitting, kicking, punching, burning, or otherwise causing physical pain or injury. Older people's bones are less likely to suffer permanent damage from physical abuse than from similar incidents occurring when they were younger. However, mental abuse can still cause serious long-term effects.
There are three types of elder abuse.
Elder abuse (also known as "elder mistreatment," "senior abuse," "abuse in later life," "abuse of older adults," "abuse of older women," and "abuse of older men") is defined as "a single or repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust, causing harm or deterioration." Elder abuse can be physical, sexual, emotional, or financial. It can also include the neglect or deprivation of adequate food, shelter, care, or treatment. The term may also be applied to issues such as self-neglect or abandonment by a spouse or other family member.
Physical elder abuse includes acts such as punching, kicking, hitting, shaking, pulling hair, and throwing objects at an older person. Sexual abuse involves someone who has power over another person sexually exploiting that authority to obtain personal gain or pleasure. Emotional abuse uses words like "you're stupid," "you're bad," or "you should feel ashamed" to create fear and anxiety in an older person. Financial abuse occurs when an older person's ability to manage their money is interfered with or they are forced to give up property they may not have wanted to part with. Neglect means failing to provide for a person's basic needs, such as food, water, safety, health, or hygiene. This can be done intentionally or unintentionally. Intentional neglect is often referred to as abuse. Unintentional neglect may result from a lack of knowledge or resources about how to take care of oneself.