2. Dangers Honour-based violence is a child protection problem when it impacts children and young people. Children and young people who are subjected to honor-based abuse and violence face serious risks of physical, sexual, psychological, and emotional injury and neglect. This type of violence can also have long-term effects on the youth's development.
3. Women who experience honor-based violence include those who are raped or forced to marry against their will. They may also include women who violate traditional gender norms by refusing to wear certain clothes or by acting in ways (such as working outside the home) that would otherwise be acceptable.
4. Men who experience honor-based violence include those who suffer domestic violence at the hands of their wives or female relatives. They may also include men who kill members of their own families if they believe them to be dishonorable.
5. Children can be affected by honor-based violence in several ways. Young women who refuse to comply with traditional gender roles and seek education or work opportunities risk being expelled from their families. This can lead them to become vulnerable to sexual exploitation and even death. Young men who fail to provide for their family members by looking for employment or going to school risk being disowned by their parents. If they survive, they may have difficulty finding housing and employment and may end up using drugs or crime to cope with their stressors.
"'Honour-based violence' is defined as a crime or incident committed to preserve or defend the honor of the family and/or community."... Violence based on honor is often justified by beliefs about avenging dishonored families or communities. These people believe that it is their duty to kill or be killed in retaliation.
– From the University of Michigan School of Law, Institute for Research on Women & Gender
An old Latin phrase that has been popularized in recent years is "the pen is mightier than the sword". This means that writing rather than doing something with a knife or gun can be more effective in resolving problems between people. There are two types of violence that fit this definition: psychological and emotional. They both use words as weapons; therefore, they are worth mentioning here.
The first type of violence is psychological. It uses words to hurt others' feelings or make them feel bad about themselves. Some examples of psychological violence include name-calling, humiliating others, and using sarcasm. Psychological violence can also involve the use of power differentials such as male dominance over women. In other words, one person is able to inflict pain on another through words alone because they have more power than them.
The second type of violence is emotional.
Honour-based violence manifests itself in a variety of ways. A girl or woman is most usually beaten, shunned by her family, or forced to undergo an abortion. Women and girls are the most frequently targeted victims of honor-based violence. Men and boys, on the other hand, can be victims as well. If a man refuses to marry his daughter against her will, for example, he may face physical abuse or even death at the hands of her father.
An honor-based offender seeks to destroy the victim's name and reputation. This often involves harassing the victim both before and after the offense, such as by spreading rumors about her behavior or character. The offender may also spread false information about what happened, who was involved, or how the offense was resolved. This type of harassment can continue even after the victim has left the country, moved, or changed jobs.
An honor-based offender tends to target individuals or groups that will not report the crime to police. This may include friends and relatives of the victim, as well as members of other ethnic groups or religions with different social norms. It also may include witnesses to the incident. Victims who report the crime to police riskfurther retribution from their community. Those who don't take action may experience intimidation, threats, or even violence themselves.
People who have been threatened or attacked because of their relationship to the victim may feel compelled to act out of shame or guilt.
The National Police Chief Council defines honor-based abuse as "an event or crime involving violence, threats of violence, intimidation, coercion, or abuse (including psychological, physical, sexual, financial, or emotional abuse), which has or may have been committed to...defame or humiliate someone because they are viewed as competition, allies, or enemies." This can include cases where an individual is murdered or otherwise harmed in order to keep them from telling the police about some other incident.
Here are some examples of conduct that will damage an individual's reputation and bring down upon them the stigma of dishonor:
Killing or injuring someone without cause (honor killing)
Committing suicide (shameful death)
Attempting to sell your own body parts such as limbs (prostitution)
Engaging in child marriage (child abuse)
Giving birth out of wedlock (adultery)
Being found guilty of a criminal offense and sentenced to prison (imprisonment)
Running away from home without permission (running away)
Changing religion or refusing to follow the religious practices of one's family (conversion harassment)
Exposure to violent events can be stressful and have a detrimental influence on a variety of characteristics, including development, academic performance, coping abilities, and relationships. Children are being exposed to violence at a far higher rate not only in their neighborhoods, but also through technology. Video games contain intense violence that can affect children's behavior and emotional responses.
Video games may cause some children to act out violently themselves. This is called "video game addiction" or "game addiction." If a child becomes obsessed with a video game to the point where it takes over his or her life, he or she is actually suffering from video game addiction. Research shows that young people who play violent video games are more likely to act out physically in real life, especially if they don't understand what kind of behavior they're supposed to be learning from the game.
The media has a strong influence on how children perceive violence. News reports about violence in the world create anxiety in children who may then turn to entertainment products for relief. They may believe that playing video games will make them less vulnerable to future violence by learning how to fight or use weapons.
Children who experience violence first-hand are much more likely to become victims of violence later in life. Young people who have seen their parents or others they care about hurt or killed by violence are more likely to engage in violence themselves.
Physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent care, emotional abuse, and other types of child abuse are all examples of violations against children. Violence is commonly directed toward younger children, such as babies, toddlers, and preschoolers. Older children are also likely targets for violence; for example, ninth-grade girls are four times more likely to be killed than eighth-grade boys.
Physical abuse includes actions such as beating a child with an object, shaking a baby until it is sick, burning children with heat sources such as cigarettes or candles, and throwing, hitting, or punching them. Some parents may believe that "spanking" their child will make him or her behave better but this only teaches them how to avoid being spanked themselves. Physical abuse can also occur when a parent allows another person to mistreat a child by allowing them to beat the child or shake them violently.
The use of physical force to commit crimes is also considered physical abuse. For example, if a parent throws a punch at someone who is trying to hurt the child then this is considered physical abuse. Parents who physically abuse their children may not think that they are hurting them by hitting them with objects, but researchers have found that people who were abused as children have greater muscle strength in their arms and legs than people who were not abused as children.